Integrating livestock health measures into marginal abatement cost curves

M MacLeod, D Moran

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Improving livestock health offers both private and social benefits. Among the potential social benefits is a reduction in the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions arising from livestock production. Reductions in emissions intensity (the amount of GHG produced per kilogram of meat, milk or eggs) may occur, as improving health can lead to improvements in the parameters that emissions intensity is sensitive to, such as (for ruminants): maternal fertility and abortion rates, calf and lamb mortality rates and growth rates, milk yields and feed conversion rates. However, improved health is not yet widely recognised as a GHG mitigation measure due, in part, to difficulties in reliably quantifying the financial and GHG effects of disease control options. This paper discusses how the GHG effects of disease control can be quantified and included in a marginal abatement cost curve (MACC). To illustrate some of the challenges, it draws on the experience of including health measures in the most recent (2015) agricultural MACCs in the United Kingdom.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97 - 104
Number of pages8
JournalOIE Scientific and Technical Review
Volume36
Issue number1
Early online date10 Aug 2017
DOIs
Publication statusFirst published - 10 Aug 2017

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greenhouse gases
livestock
emissions factor
social benefit
disease control
abortion (animals)
livestock production
greenhouse gas emissions
United Kingdom
milk yield
ruminants
lambs
feed conversion
meat
calves
milk
marginal abatement cost curve

Bibliographical note

1031412

Keywords

  • Climate change
  • Cost-effectiveness analysis
  • Greenhouse gas mitigation
  • Livestock health

Cite this

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Integrating livestock health measures into marginal abatement cost curves. / MacLeod, M; Moran, D.

In: OIE Scientific and Technical Review, Vol. 36, No. 1, 10.08.2017, p. 97 - 104.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Integrating livestock health measures into marginal abatement cost curves

AU - MacLeod, M

AU - Moran, D

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PY - 2017/8/10

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N2 - Improving livestock health offers both private and social benefits. Among the potential social benefits is a reduction in the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions arising from livestock production. Reductions in emissions intensity (the amount of GHG produced per kilogram of meat, milk or eggs) may occur, as improving health can lead to improvements in the parameters that emissions intensity is sensitive to, such as (for ruminants): maternal fertility and abortion rates, calf and lamb mortality rates and growth rates, milk yields and feed conversion rates. However, improved health is not yet widely recognised as a GHG mitigation measure due, in part, to difficulties in reliably quantifying the financial and GHG effects of disease control options. This paper discusses how the GHG effects of disease control can be quantified and included in a marginal abatement cost curve (MACC). To illustrate some of the challenges, it draws on the experience of including health measures in the most recent (2015) agricultural MACCs in the United Kingdom.

AB - Improving livestock health offers both private and social benefits. Among the potential social benefits is a reduction in the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions arising from livestock production. Reductions in emissions intensity (the amount of GHG produced per kilogram of meat, milk or eggs) may occur, as improving health can lead to improvements in the parameters that emissions intensity is sensitive to, such as (for ruminants): maternal fertility and abortion rates, calf and lamb mortality rates and growth rates, milk yields and feed conversion rates. However, improved health is not yet widely recognised as a GHG mitigation measure due, in part, to difficulties in reliably quantifying the financial and GHG effects of disease control options. This paper discusses how the GHG effects of disease control can be quantified and included in a marginal abatement cost curve (MACC). To illustrate some of the challenges, it draws on the experience of including health measures in the most recent (2015) agricultural MACCs in the United Kingdom.

KW - Climate change

KW - Cost-effectiveness analysis

KW - Greenhouse gas mitigation

KW - Livestock health

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