Integrating livestock health measures into marginal abatement cost curves

M MacLeod, D Moran

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Improving livestock health offers both private and social benefits. Among the potential social benefits is a reduction in the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions arising from livestock production. Reductions in emissions intensity (the amount of GHG produced per kilogram of meat, milk or eggs) may occur, as improving health can lead to improvements in the parameters that emissions intensity is sensitive to, such as (for ruminants): maternal fertility and abortion rates, calf and lamb mortality rates and growth rates, milk yields and feed conversion rates. However, improved health is not yet widely recognised as a GHG mitigation measure due, in part, to difficulties in reliably quantifying the financial and GHG effects of disease control options. This paper discusses how the GHG effects of disease control can be quantified and included in a marginal abatement cost curve (MACC). To illustrate some of the challenges, it draws on the experience of including health measures in the most recent (2015) agricultural MACCs in the United Kingdom.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97 - 104
Number of pages8
JournalOIE Scientific and Technical Review
Issue number1
Early online date10 Aug 2017
Publication statusFirst published - 10 Aug 2017

Bibliographical note



  • Climate change
  • Cost-effectiveness analysis
  • Greenhouse gas mitigation
  • Livestock health


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