Inter-individual differences in contamination profiles as tracer of social group association in stranded sperm whales

JG Schnitzler, M Pinzone, M Autenrieth, A van Neer, LL IJsseldijk, JL Barber, R Deaville, P Jepson, A Brownlow, T Schaffeld, J-P Thome, R Tiedemann, K Das, U Siebert

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Abstract

Ecological and physiological factors lead to different contamination patterns in individual marine mammals. The objective of the present study was to assess whether variations in contamination profiles are indicative of social structures of young male sperm whales as they might reflect a variation in feeding preferences and/or in utilized feeding grounds. We used a total of 61 variables associated with organic compounds and trace element concentrations measured in muscle, liver, kidney and blubber gained from 24 sperm whales that stranded in the North Sea in January and February 2016. Combining contaminant and genetic data, there is evidence for at least two cohorts with different origin among these stranded sperm whales; one from the Canary Island region and one from the northern part of the Atlantic. While genetic data unravel relatedness and kinship, contamination data integrate over areas, where animals occured during their lifetime. Especially in long-lived animals with a large migratory potential, as sperm whales, contamination data may carry highly relevant information about aggregation through time and space.
Original languageEnglish
Article number10958
Pages (from-to)3 - 6
Number of pages4
JournalScientific Reports
Volume8
Early online date19 Jul 2018
DOIs
Publication statusFirst published - 19 Jul 2018

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tracer techniques
kinship
feeding preferences
Canary Islands
social structure
organic compounds
North Sea
space and time
trace elements
animals
kidneys
muscles
liver
Physeter macrocephalus

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Schnitzler, JG., Pinzone, M., Autenrieth, M., van Neer, A., IJsseldijk, LL., Barber, JL., ... Siebert, U. (2018). Inter-individual differences in contamination profiles as tracer of social group association in stranded sperm whales. Scientific Reports, 8, 3 - 6. [10958]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-29186-z
Schnitzler, JG ; Pinzone, M ; Autenrieth, M ; van Neer, A ; IJsseldijk, LL ; Barber, JL ; Deaville, R ; Jepson, P ; Brownlow, A ; Schaffeld, T ; Thome, J-P ; Tiedemann, R ; Das, K ; Siebert, U. / Inter-individual differences in contamination profiles as tracer of social group association in stranded sperm whales. In: Scientific Reports. 2018 ; Vol. 8. pp. 3 - 6.
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abstract = "Ecological and physiological factors lead to different contamination patterns in individual marine mammals. The objective of the present study was to assess whether variations in contamination profiles are indicative of social structures of young male sperm whales as they might reflect a variation in feeding preferences and/or in utilized feeding grounds. We used a total of 61 variables associated with organic compounds and trace element concentrations measured in muscle, liver, kidney and blubber gained from 24 sperm whales that stranded in the North Sea in January and February 2016. Combining contaminant and genetic data, there is evidence for at least two cohorts with different origin among these stranded sperm whales; one from the Canary Island region and one from the northern part of the Atlantic. While genetic data unravel relatedness and kinship, contamination data integrate over areas, where animals occured during their lifetime. Especially in long-lived animals with a large migratory potential, as sperm whales, contamination data may carry highly relevant information about aggregation through time and space.",
author = "JG Schnitzler and M Pinzone and M Autenrieth and {van Neer}, A and LL IJsseldijk and JL Barber and R Deaville and P Jepson and A Brownlow and T Schaffeld and J-P Thome and R Tiedemann and K Das and U Siebert",
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Schnitzler, JG, Pinzone, M, Autenrieth, M, van Neer, A, IJsseldijk, LL, Barber, JL, Deaville, R, Jepson, P, Brownlow, A, Schaffeld, T, Thome, J-P, Tiedemann, R, Das, K & Siebert, U 2018, 'Inter-individual differences in contamination profiles as tracer of social group association in stranded sperm whales', Scientific Reports, vol. 8, 10958, pp. 3 - 6. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-29186-z

Inter-individual differences in contamination profiles as tracer of social group association in stranded sperm whales. / Schnitzler, JG; Pinzone, M; Autenrieth, M; van Neer, A; IJsseldijk, LL; Barber, JL; Deaville, R; Jepson, P; Brownlow, A; Schaffeld, T; Thome, J-P; Tiedemann, R; Das, K; Siebert, U.

In: Scientific Reports, Vol. 8, 10958, 19.07.2018, p. 3 - 6.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Schnitzler, JG

AU - Pinzone, M

AU - Autenrieth, M

AU - van Neer, A

AU - IJsseldijk, LL

AU - Barber, JL

AU - Deaville, R

AU - Jepson, P

AU - Brownlow, A

AU - Schaffeld, T

AU - Thome, J-P

AU - Tiedemann, R

AU - Das, K

AU - Siebert, U

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AB - Ecological and physiological factors lead to different contamination patterns in individual marine mammals. The objective of the present study was to assess whether variations in contamination profiles are indicative of social structures of young male sperm whales as they might reflect a variation in feeding preferences and/or in utilized feeding grounds. We used a total of 61 variables associated with organic compounds and trace element concentrations measured in muscle, liver, kidney and blubber gained from 24 sperm whales that stranded in the North Sea in January and February 2016. Combining contaminant and genetic data, there is evidence for at least two cohorts with different origin among these stranded sperm whales; one from the Canary Island region and one from the northern part of the Atlantic. While genetic data unravel relatedness and kinship, contamination data integrate over areas, where animals occured during their lifetime. Especially in long-lived animals with a large migratory potential, as sperm whales, contamination data may carry highly relevant information about aggregation through time and space.

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