Interest of a multiparental and outcrossing wheat population for fine mapping

Stéphanie Thépot, Gwendal Restoux, Frédéric Hospital, David Gouache, Ian Mackay, Isabelle Goldringer, Jérôme Enjalbert

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The use of multiparental populations for QTL discovery has been recently highlighted by different theoretical and experimental developments. Here, we explored the interest of French populations using heterogeneous genetic stocks of cultivated wheat, maintained in situ over 12 sites since 1984 with an outcrossing mating system. We studied one of these populations (Le Moulon, 48.4°N, 21°E), derived from 12 cycles of random crosses between 60 founders, selected to maximize genetic diversity. Outcrossing was allowed by the integration of a nuclear male sterility allele (ms1b, Probus donor) in the population. We analyzed 1,000 Single Seed Descent lines (SSD) derived from the 12th generation of cultivation. This population was genotyped using the 9 K i-select SNPs (Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms) array, covering the whole genome. Polymorphism and quality checks resulted in the selection of around 6,500 SNPs. First, the evolution of genetic diversity was explored through the comparison of SSD lines and the inferred initial population. The low population structure and the strong decay in linkage disequilibrium between SSD lines and the inferred initial population confirmed the efficiency of the 12 cycles of the random outcrossing in producing a highly diverse and recombined population. Two years of observations of population earliness under different environments were used to show the complementarity of association genetics, which allowed the detection of already known Vrn major genes, and evolutionary approach, which, lead to the discovery of two new minor effect QTLs.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication Advances in Wheat Genetics: From Genome to Field
EditorsYasunari Ogihara, Shigeo Takumi, Hirokazu Handa
PublisherSpringer
Pages331-338
ISBN (Electronic)978-4-431-55675-6
DOIs
Publication statusPrint publication - 2015
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

Name Advances in Wheat Genetics: From Genome to Field

Bibliographical note

© The Author(s) 2015

Keywords

  • MAGIC
  • wheat
  • Flowering

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