The use of multiparental populations for QTL discovery has been recently highlighted by different theoretical and experimental developments. Here, we explored the interest of French populations using heterogeneous genetic stocks of cultivated wheat, maintained in situ over 12 sites since 1984 with an outcrossing mating system. We studied one of these populations (Le Moulon, 48.4°N, 21°E), derived from 12 cycles of random crosses between 60 founders, selected to maximize genetic diversity. Outcrossing was allowed by the integration of a nuclear male sterility allele (ms1b, Probus donor) in the population. We analyzed 1,000 Single Seed Descent lines (SSD) derived from the 12th generation of cultivation. This population was genotyped using the 9 K i-select SNPs (Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms) array, covering the whole genome. Polymorphism and quality checks resulted in the selection of around 6,500 SNPs. First, the evolution of genetic diversity was explored through the comparison of SSD lines and the inferred initial population. The low population structure and the strong decay in linkage disequilibrium between SSD lines and the inferred initial population confirmed the efficiency of the 12 cycles of the random outcrossing in producing a highly diverse and recombined population. Two years of observations of population earliness under different environments were used to show the complementarity of association genetics, which allowed the detection of already known Vrn major genes, and evolutionary approach, which, lead to the discovery of two new minor effect QTLs.
|Title of host publication|| Advances in Wheat Genetics: From Genome to Field|
|Editors||Yasunari Ogihara, Shigeo Takumi, Hirokazu Handa|
|Publication status||Print publication - 2015|
|Name|| Advances in Wheat Genetics: From Genome to Field|
© The Author(s) 2015