2. Using parallel surveys of beekeepers and farmers in 10 European countries, this study examines beekeeper and farmer perceptions and motivations surrounding crop pollination.
3. Almost half of the farmers surveyed believed they had pollination service deficits in one or more of their crops.
4. Few farmers hired managed pollinators, however most undertook at least one form of agri-environment management known to benefit pollinators, although few did so to promote pollinators.
5. Beekeepers were ambivalent towards many mass flowering crops, with some beekeepers using crops for their honey that other beekeepers avoid because of perceived pesticide risks.
6. The findings identify a number of opportunities for further collaboration between farmers and beekeepers and the knowledge gaps that need to be resolved.
- Sustainable agriculture
- Crop production