Manufacturing and characterization of sustainable and recyclable wood-polypropylene biocomposites: Multiprocessing-properties-structure relationships

J. Andrzejewski, M. Barczewski, D. Czarnecka-Komorowska, T. Rydzkowski*, K. Gawdzińska, V. K. Thakur*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
24 Downloads (Pure)


In this study, sustainable polymeric materials with a polypropylene matrix reinforced with wood waste were developed for structural applications. The new polymer biocomposites (WPCs) were evaluated for their mechanical and structural properties regarding their susceptibility to multiple processing. As thermo-mechanical degradation processes are associated with the repeated processing of plastics, which causes changes in the properties and structure of these materials. Therefore, to determine the extent to which the composites can be used under operating conditions, the composites were examined by DMA. As a result of the study observed some effects caused by the repeated effects of shear stress and temperature on the rheological and mechanical properties of polymer composites. The first of these is related to a decrease in viscosity of WPC composites subjected to the six times processing and changes in flow conditions during extrusion and injection moulding due to the degradation of the polypropylene matrix. As the viscosity of the composites decreased, a reduction in tensile strength and other mechanical properties of the polypropylene matrix was noted. On the other hand, the second effect observed leads to the conclusion that, as the composites' processing cycles increase, the WPC composite's mechanical properties increase due to an increase in the degree of homogenization of the individual components of the WPC composition. This study aims to describe the relationship between these two primary processes and to determine the relationship between the properties and the structure of the new WPCs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117710
JournalIndustrial Crops and Products
Early online date9 Nov 2023
Publication statusPrint publication - Jan 2024

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  • Processing conditions
  • Recycling
  • Structure
  • Thermo-mechanical properties
  • Wood-polymer composites


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