Microbe-fabricated nanoparticles as potent biomaterials for efficient food preservation

Akanksha Rai, Vivek K. Sharma, Akansha Jain, Minaxi Sharma, Ashok Pandey, Harikesh B. Singh, Vijai K. Gupta*, Brahma N. Singh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In recent years, cutting-edge nanotechnology research has revolutionized several facets of the food business, including food processing, packaging, transportation, preservation, and functioning. Nanotechnology has beginning to loom large in the food business as the industry's demand for biogenic nanomaterial grows. The intracellular and extracellular synthesis of metal, metal oxide, and other essential NPs has recently been explored in a variety of microorganisms, including bacteria, actinomycetes, fungi, yeasts, microalgae, and viruses. These microbes produce a variety extracellular material, exopolysaccharides, enzymes, and secondary metabolites which play key roles in synthesizing as well as stabilizing the nanoparticle (NPs). Furthermore, genetic engineering techniques can help them to improve their capacity to generate NPs more efficiently. As a result, using microorganisms to manufacture NPs is unique and has a promising future. Microbial-mediated synthesis of NPs has lately been popular as a more environmentally friendly alternative to physical and chemical methods of nanomaterial synthesis, which require higher prices, more energy consumption, and more complex reaction conditions, as well as a potentially dangerous environmental impact. It is critical to consider regulatory measures implemented at all stages of the process, from production through refining, packaging, preservation, and storage, when producing bionanomaterials derived from culturable microbes for efficient food preservation. The current review discusses the synthesis, mechanism of action, and possible food preservation uses of microbial mediated NPs, which can assist to minimize food deterioration from the inside out while also ensuring that food is safe and free of contaminants. Despite the numerous benefits, there are looming debates concerning their usage in food items, particularly regarding its aggregation in human bodies and other risks to the environment. Other applications and impacts of these microbe-fabricated NPs in the context of future food preservation prospects connected with regulatory problems and potential hazards are highlighted.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109833
JournalInternational Journal of Food Microbiology
Volume379
Early online date30 Jul 2022
DOIs
Publication statusFirst published - 30 Jul 2022

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2022. Published by Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • Food packaging
  • Food preservation
  • Microbial spoilage
  • Nanoparticles
  • Nanotechnology
  • Safety concerns

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