Microbial beta glucosidase enzymes: Recent advances in biomass conversation for biofuels application

Neha Srivastava*, Rishabh Rathour, Sonam Jha, Karan Pandey, Manish Srivastava, Vijay Kumar Thakur, Rakesh Singh Sengar, Vijai K. Gupta, Pranab Behari Mazumder, Ahamad Faiz Khan, Pradeep Kumar Mishra

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The biomass to biofuels production process is green, sustainable, and an advanced technique to resolve the current environmental issues generated from fossil fuels. The production of biofuels from biomass is an enzyme mediated process, wherein β-glucosidase (BGL) enzymes play a key role in biomass hydrolysis by producing monomeric sugars from cellulose-based oligosaccharides. However, the production and availability of these enzymes realize their major role to increase the overall production cost of biomass to biofuels production technology. Therefore, the present review is focused on evaluating the production and efficiency of β-glucosidase enzymes in the bioconversion of cellulosic biomass for biofuel production at an industrial scale, providing its mechanism and classification. The application of BGL enzymes in the biomass conversion process has been discussed along with the recent developments and existing issues. Moreover, the production and development of microbial BGL enzymes have been explained in detail, along with the recent advancements made in the field. Finally, current hurdles and future suggestions have been provided for the future developments. This review is likely to set a benchmark in the area of cost effective BGL enzyme production, specifically in the biorefinery area.

Original languageEnglish
Article number220
JournalBiomolecules
Volume9
Issue number6
Early online date6 Jun 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPrint publication - Jun 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cellulase enzyme
  • Enzymatic hydrolysis
  • Lignocellulosic biomass
  • β-glucosidase

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    Srivastava, N., Rathour, R., Jha, S., Pandey, K., Srivastava, M., Thakur, V. K., Sengar, R. S., Gupta, V. K., Mazumder, P. B., Khan, A. F., & Mishra, P. K. (2019). Microbial beta glucosidase enzymes: Recent advances in biomass conversation for biofuels application. Biomolecules, 9(6), [220]. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom9060220