Microwave-assisted catalytic decomposition of methane over activated carbon for CO2-free hydrogen production

A. Domínguez, B. Fidalgo, Y. Fernández, J. J. Pis, J. A. Menéndez*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

100 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this work was to combine microwave heating with the use of low-cost granular activated carbon as a catalyst for the production of CO2-free hydrogen by methane decomposition in a fixed bed quartz-tube flow reactor. In order to compare the results achieved, conventional heating was also applied to the catalytic decomposition reaction of methane over the activated carbon. It was found that methane conversions were higher under microwave conditions than with conventional heating when the temperature measured was lower than or equal to 800 {ring operator} C. However, when the temperature was increased, the difference between the conversions under microwave and conventional heating was reduced. The influence of volumetric hourly space velocity (VHSV) on the conversion tests using both microwave and conventional heating was also studied. In general, there is a substantial initial conversion, which declines sharply during the first stages of the reaction but tends to stabilise with time. An increase in the VHSV has a negative effect on CH4 conversion, and even more so in the case of microwave heating. Nevertheless, the conversions obtained in the microwave device at the beginning of the experiments are, in general, better than the conversions reported in other works which also use a carbonaceous-based catalyst. Additionally, the formation of carbon nanofibres in one of the microwave experiments is also reported.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4792-4799
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume32
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPrint publication - Dec 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Carbon nanofibres
  • Catalytic decomposition
  • Hydrogen
  • Methane
  • Microwave

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