Molecular diversity of seed-borne Fusarium species associated with maize in India

Mohammed Aiyaz, Shetty Thimmappa Divakara, Venkataramana Mudili, Geromy George Moore, Vijai Kumar Gupta, Tapani Yli-Mattila, Siddaiah Chandra Nayaka*, Siddapura Ramachandrappa Niranjana

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


A total of 106 maize seed samples were collected from different agro-climatic regions of India. Sixty-two Fusarium isolates were recovered, 90% of which were identified as Fusarium verticillioides based on morphological and molecular characters. Use of the tef-1α gene corrected/refined the morphological species identifications of 11 isolates, and confirmed those of the remaining isolates. Genetic diversity among the Fusarium isolates involved multilocus fingerprinting profiles by Inter Simple Sequence Repeats (ISSR) UPGMA and tef-1α gene phenetic analyses; for which, we observed no significant differences among the isolates based on geographic origin or fumonisin production; most of the subdivision related to species. Genotyping was performed on the F. verticillioides isolates, using 12 primer sets from the fumonisin pathway, to elucidate the molecular basis of fumonisin production or non-production. One fumonisin-negative isolate, UOMMF-16, was unable to amplify nine of the 12 fumonisin cluster genes tested. We also used the CD-ELISA method to confirm fumonisin production for our 62 Fusarium isolates. Only 15 isolates were found to be fumonisin-negative. Interestingly, genotypic characterization revealed six isolates with various gene deletion patterns that also tested positive for the production of fumonisins via CD-ELISA. Our findings confirm the importance of molecular studies for species delimitation, and for observing genetic and phenotypic diversity, among the Fusaria.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)132-144
Number of pages13
JournalCurrent Genomics
Issue number2
Publication statusPrint publication - 1 Apr 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Fumonisin gene cluster
  • Fusarium
  • Inter simple sequence repeats
  • Maize
  • Tef-1α gene


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