Moving towards a sustainable cetacean-based tourism industry – A case study from Mozambique

Diana Rocha*, Benjamin Drakeford*, Sarah A. Marley, Jonathan Potts, Michelle Hale, Angie Gullan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cetacean-Based Tourism (CBT) is often confused with sustainable tourism. However, not every CBT operator has an environmental education component attached to its programme. In reality, CBT has the potential to negatively impact the animals it is targeting; thus management is required to mitigate any harmful effects from tourism activities. This paper analyses the attitudes and perceptions of the marine operators and tourists that partake in dolphin-swim activities in the Ponta do Ouro Partial Marine Reserve (PPMR) in Mozambique. Hand-out questionnaire surveys with closed and Likert scale type questions revealed that the tours are an effective means to promote pro-environmental behaviour and consequently increase compliance with the code of conduct. Nonetheless, in the PPMR, both tourists and operators presented only basic knowledge of the regulations of the reserve and of the dolphin, whale and whale shark code of conduct, indicating that there is a need for improvement. We provide recommendations for improving local management, which are also applicable at the national and international level. Overall, this paper provides knowledge and guidance for moving towards a sustainable based CBT industry in the PPMR.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104048
JournalMarine Policy
Volume120
Early online date11 Jul 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPrint publication - Oct 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cetacean based tourism
  • Code of conduct
  • Marine mammals
  • Marine protected areas
  • Mozambique
  • Sustainable management

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