Multi-host disease management: the why and the how to include wildlife

Julien Portier, Marie-Pierre Ryser-Degiorgis, MR Hutchings, Elodie Monchâtre-Leroy, Celine Richomme, Sylvain Larrat, Wim HM van der Poel, Morgane Dominguez, Annick Linden, Patricia Tavares Santos, Eva Warns-Petit, Jean-Yves Chollet, Lisa Cavalerie, Claude Grandmontagne, Mariana Boadella, Etienne Bonbon, Marc Artois

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Abstract

In recent years, outbreaks caused by multi-host pathogens (MHP) have posed a serious challenge to public and animal health authorities. The frequent implication of wildlife in such disease systems and a lack of guidelines for mitigating these diseases within wild animal populations partially explain why the outbreaks are particularly challenging. To face these challenges, the French Ministry of Agriculture launched a multi-disciplinary group of experts that set out to discuss the main wildlife specific concepts in the management of MHP disease outbreaks and how to integrate wildlife in the disease management process.

This position paper structures the primary specific concepts of wildlife disease management, as identified by the working group. It is designed to lay out these concepts for a wide audience of public and/or animal health officers who are not necessarily familiar with wildlife diseases. The group’s discussions generated a possible roadmap for the management of MHP diseases. This roadmap is presented as a cycle for which the main successive step are: step 1-descriptive studies and monitoring; step 2-risk assessment; step 3-management goals; step 4-management actions and step 5-assessment of the management plan. In order to help choose the most adapted management actions for all involved epidemiological units, we integrated a decision-making framework (presented as a spreadsheet). This tool and the corresponding guidelines for disease management are designed to be used by public and health authorities when facing MHP disease outbreaks. These proposals are meant as an initial step towards a harmonized transboundary outbreak response framework that integrates current scientific understanding adapted to practical intervention.
Original languageEnglish
Article number295
JournalBMC Veterinary Research
Volume15
Early online date14 Aug 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPrint publication - 14 Aug 2019

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wildlife diseases
Disease Management
Disease Outbreaks
wildlife
disease control
pathogens
animal health
Public Health
Guidelines
descriptive studies
Wild Animals
wild animals
Agriculture
risk assessment
decision making
Decision Making
public health
agriculture
monitoring
Health

Keywords

  • Coordination
  • Decision-making framework
  • Emerging infectious diseases
  • Europe
  • Integrated management
  • Policy making
  • Proportionate management
  • Risk assessment
  • Wildlife
  • Zoonosis

Cite this

Portier, J., Ryser-Degiorgis, M-P., Hutchings, MR., Monchâtre-Leroy, E., Richomme, C., Larrat, S., ... Artois, M. (2019). Multi-host disease management: the why and the how to include wildlife. BMC Veterinary Research, 15, [295]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12917-019-2030-6
Portier, Julien ; Ryser-Degiorgis, Marie-Pierre ; Hutchings, MR ; Monchâtre-Leroy, Elodie ; Richomme, Celine ; Larrat, Sylvain ; van der Poel, Wim HM ; Dominguez, Morgane ; Linden, Annick ; Tavares Santos, Patricia ; Warns-Petit, Eva ; Chollet, Jean-Yves ; Cavalerie, Lisa ; Grandmontagne, Claude ; Boadella, Mariana ; Bonbon, Etienne ; Artois, Marc. / Multi-host disease management: the why and the how to include wildlife. In: BMC Veterinary Research. 2019 ; Vol. 15.
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abstract = "In recent years, outbreaks caused by multi-host pathogens (MHP) have posed a serious challenge to public and animal health authorities. The frequent implication of wildlife in such disease systems and a lack of guidelines for mitigating these diseases within wild animal populations partially explain why the outbreaks are particularly challenging. To face these challenges, the French Ministry of Agriculture launched a multi-disciplinary group of experts that set out to discuss the main wildlife specific concepts in the management of MHP disease outbreaks and how to integrate wildlife in the disease management process.This position paper structures the primary specific concepts of wildlife disease management, as identified by the working group. It is designed to lay out these concepts for a wide audience of public and/or animal health officers who are not necessarily familiar with wildlife diseases. The group’s discussions generated a possible roadmap for the management of MHP diseases. This roadmap is presented as a cycle for which the main successive step are: step 1-descriptive studies and monitoring; step 2-risk assessment; step 3-management goals; step 4-management actions and step 5-assessment of the management plan. In order to help choose the most adapted management actions for all involved epidemiological units, we integrated a decision-making framework (presented as a spreadsheet). This tool and the corresponding guidelines for disease management are designed to be used by public and health authorities when facing MHP disease outbreaks. These proposals are meant as an initial step towards a harmonized transboundary outbreak response framework that integrates current scientific understanding adapted to practical intervention.",
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Portier, J, Ryser-Degiorgis, M-P, Hutchings, MR, Monchâtre-Leroy, E, Richomme, C, Larrat, S, van der Poel, WHM, Dominguez, M, Linden, A, Tavares Santos, P, Warns-Petit, E, Chollet, J-Y, Cavalerie, L, Grandmontagne, C, Boadella, M, Bonbon, E & Artois, M 2019, 'Multi-host disease management: the why and the how to include wildlife', BMC Veterinary Research, vol. 15, 295. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12917-019-2030-6

Multi-host disease management: the why and the how to include wildlife. / Portier, Julien; Ryser-Degiorgis, Marie-Pierre; Hutchings, MR; Monchâtre-Leroy, Elodie; Richomme, Celine; Larrat, Sylvain; van der Poel, Wim HM; Dominguez, Morgane; Linden, Annick; Tavares Santos, Patricia; Warns-Petit, Eva; Chollet, Jean-Yves; Cavalerie, Lisa; Grandmontagne, Claude; Boadella, Mariana; Bonbon, Etienne; Artois, Marc.

In: BMC Veterinary Research, Vol. 15, 295, 14.08.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Portier, Julien

AU - Ryser-Degiorgis, Marie-Pierre

AU - Hutchings, MR

AU - Monchâtre-Leroy, Elodie

AU - Richomme, Celine

AU - Larrat, Sylvain

AU - van der Poel, Wim HM

AU - Dominguez, Morgane

AU - Linden, Annick

AU - Tavares Santos, Patricia

AU - Warns-Petit, Eva

AU - Chollet, Jean-Yves

AU - Cavalerie, Lisa

AU - Grandmontagne, Claude

AU - Boadella, Mariana

AU - Bonbon, Etienne

AU - Artois, Marc

PY - 2019/8/14

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N2 - In recent years, outbreaks caused by multi-host pathogens (MHP) have posed a serious challenge to public and animal health authorities. The frequent implication of wildlife in such disease systems and a lack of guidelines for mitigating these diseases within wild animal populations partially explain why the outbreaks are particularly challenging. To face these challenges, the French Ministry of Agriculture launched a multi-disciplinary group of experts that set out to discuss the main wildlife specific concepts in the management of MHP disease outbreaks and how to integrate wildlife in the disease management process.This position paper structures the primary specific concepts of wildlife disease management, as identified by the working group. It is designed to lay out these concepts for a wide audience of public and/or animal health officers who are not necessarily familiar with wildlife diseases. The group’s discussions generated a possible roadmap for the management of MHP diseases. This roadmap is presented as a cycle for which the main successive step are: step 1-descriptive studies and monitoring; step 2-risk assessment; step 3-management goals; step 4-management actions and step 5-assessment of the management plan. In order to help choose the most adapted management actions for all involved epidemiological units, we integrated a decision-making framework (presented as a spreadsheet). This tool and the corresponding guidelines for disease management are designed to be used by public and health authorities when facing MHP disease outbreaks. These proposals are meant as an initial step towards a harmonized transboundary outbreak response framework that integrates current scientific understanding adapted to practical intervention.

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KW - Decision-making framework

KW - Emerging infectious diseases

KW - Europe

KW - Integrated management

KW - Policy making

KW - Proportionate management

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KW - Wildlife

KW - Zoonosis

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DO - 10.1186/s12917-019-2030-6

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Portier J, Ryser-Degiorgis M-P, Hutchings MR, Monchâtre-Leroy E, Richomme C, Larrat S et al. Multi-host disease management: the why and the how to include wildlife. BMC Veterinary Research. 2019 Aug 14;15. 295. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12917-019-2030-6