Nosemosis Prevention and Control

Giovanni Formato, Jorge Rivera-Gomis, Jernej Bubnic, Raquel Martín-Hernández, Marcella Milito*, Sofia Croppi, Mariano Higes

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Nosemosis is a serious microsporidian disease of adult European honey bees caused by the spore-forming unicellular fungi Nosema apis and Nosema ceranae. In this paper we describe the currently known techniques for nosemosis prevention and control including Good Beekeeping Practices (GBPs) and biosecurity measures (BMBs). Topics such as queen renewal, nosema-resistant bees and hygienic and control methods are described. Strong efforts are currently provided to find more a sustainable solution than the use of antibiotics. So far, it seems that the best way to approach nosemosis is given by an “integrated pest management strategy”, which foresees the contemporary application of different, specific GBPs and BMBs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number783
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number2
Early online date13 Jan 2022
Publication statusFirst published - 13 Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Biosecurity measures
  • Control
  • Good Beekeeping Practices
  • Nosemosis
  • Prevention


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