Peptidases of the rumen bacterium, Prevotella ruminicola

R J Wallace, N McKain, G A Broderick, L M Rode, N D Walker, C J Newbold, J Kopecny

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Prevotella (formerly Bacteroides) ruminicola is a numerous rumen bacterium which plays a significant role in the metabolism of proteins and peptides in the rumen. Measurement of the hydrolysis of synthetic aminopeptidase substrates by sonicated extracts and whole cells of different species of rumen bacteria indicated that P. ruminicola had the greatest range and specific activity of dipeptidyl peptidases among the species tested. Streptococcus bovis hydrolysed some dipeptidyl peptidase substrates to a lesser extent, and several species broke down Ala2-p-nitroanilide, including Ruminobacter amylophilus, Ruminococcus spp. and Veillonella parvula. Dipeptidyl peptidases, which cleave dipeptides from the amino-terminus of longer peptides, were much more active than aminopeptidases removing single amino acids in P. ruminicola. Ion-exchange chromatography of sonicated extracts of P. ruminicola M384 revealed at least four distinct activities: one hydrolysed Ala2-p-nitroanilide, ValAla-p-nitroanilide, Ala4and Ala5; another was an O2-sensitive activity hydrolysing GlyArg-4-methoxynapthylamide, ArgArg-4-methoxynaphthylamide, Gly5 and ValGlySerGlu, similar to dipeptidyl peptidase type I DPP-1); a third hydrolysed GlyPro-p-nitroanilide and GlyPro-4-methoxynapthylamide and was similar to dipeptidyl peptidase type IV XDPP-4); a fourth broke down LysAla-4-methoxynaphthylamide. All of the enzymes, and particularly those active against Ala2-p-nitroanilide and GlyPro-p-nitroanilide, were inhibited by serine protease inhibitors, and all except DPP-4 were inhibited by EDTA. Both DPP-1 and the enzyme hydrolysing LysAla-4-methoxynaphthylamide were inhibited strongly by iodoacetate. DPP-4 was inhibited completely by diprotin A. Competitive inhibition experiments suggested that DPP-1 was less important than the other enzymes in the breakdown of peptide mixtures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-42
Number of pages8
JournalAnaerobe
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPrint publication - Feb 1997
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Prevotella ruminicola
Dipeptidyl-Peptidases and Tripeptidyl-Peptidases
Rumen
Aminopeptidases
Peptide Hydrolases
diprotin A
Bacteria
Peptides
Enzymes
Ruminococcus
Cathepsin C
Veillonella
Streptococcus bovis
Prevotella
Iodoacetates
Dipeptidyl Peptidase 4
Bacteroides
Serine Proteinase Inhibitors
Dipeptides
Ion Exchange Chromatography

Cite this

Wallace, R. J., McKain, N., Broderick, G. A., Rode, L. M., Walker, N. D., Newbold, C. J., & Kopecny, J. (1997). Peptidases of the rumen bacterium, Prevotella ruminicola. Anaerobe, 3(1), 35-42. https://doi.org/10.1006/anae.1996.0065
Wallace, R J ; McKain, N ; Broderick, G A ; Rode, L M ; Walker, N D ; Newbold, C J ; Kopecny, J. / Peptidases of the rumen bacterium, Prevotella ruminicola. In: Anaerobe. 1997 ; Vol. 3, No. 1. pp. 35-42.
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abstract = "Prevotella (formerly Bacteroides) ruminicola is a numerous rumen bacterium which plays a significant role in the metabolism of proteins and peptides in the rumen. Measurement of the hydrolysis of synthetic aminopeptidase substrates by sonicated extracts and whole cells of different species of rumen bacteria indicated that P. ruminicola had the greatest range and specific activity of dipeptidyl peptidases among the species tested. Streptococcus bovis hydrolysed some dipeptidyl peptidase substrates to a lesser extent, and several species broke down Ala2-p-nitroanilide, including Ruminobacter amylophilus, Ruminococcus spp. and Veillonella parvula. Dipeptidyl peptidases, which cleave dipeptides from the amino-terminus of longer peptides, were much more active than aminopeptidases removing single amino acids in P. ruminicola. Ion-exchange chromatography of sonicated extracts of P. ruminicola M384 revealed at least four distinct activities: one hydrolysed Ala2-p-nitroanilide, ValAla-p-nitroanilide, Ala4and Ala5; another was an O2-sensitive activity hydrolysing GlyArg-4-methoxynapthylamide, ArgArg-4-methoxynaphthylamide, Gly5 and ValGlySerGlu, similar to dipeptidyl peptidase type I DPP-1); a third hydrolysed GlyPro-p-nitroanilide and GlyPro-4-methoxynapthylamide and was similar to dipeptidyl peptidase type IV XDPP-4); a fourth broke down LysAla-4-methoxynaphthylamide. All of the enzymes, and particularly those active against Ala2-p-nitroanilide and GlyPro-p-nitroanilide, were inhibited by serine protease inhibitors, and all except DPP-4 were inhibited by EDTA. Both DPP-1 and the enzyme hydrolysing LysAla-4-methoxynaphthylamide were inhibited strongly by iodoacetate. DPP-4 was inhibited completely by diprotin A. Competitive inhibition experiments suggested that DPP-1 was less important than the other enzymes in the breakdown of peptide mixtures.",
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Wallace, RJ, McKain, N, Broderick, GA, Rode, LM, Walker, ND, Newbold, CJ & Kopecny, J 1997, 'Peptidases of the rumen bacterium, Prevotella ruminicola', Anaerobe, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 35-42. https://doi.org/10.1006/anae.1996.0065

Peptidases of the rumen bacterium, Prevotella ruminicola. / Wallace, R J; McKain, N; Broderick, G A; Rode, L M; Walker, N D; Newbold, C J; Kopecny, J.

In: Anaerobe, Vol. 3, No. 1, 02.1997, p. 35-42.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Peptidases of the rumen bacterium, Prevotella ruminicola

AU - Wallace, R J

AU - McKain, N

AU - Broderick, G A

AU - Rode, L M

AU - Walker, N D

AU - Newbold, C J

AU - Kopecny, J

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N2 - Prevotella (formerly Bacteroides) ruminicola is a numerous rumen bacterium which plays a significant role in the metabolism of proteins and peptides in the rumen. Measurement of the hydrolysis of synthetic aminopeptidase substrates by sonicated extracts and whole cells of different species of rumen bacteria indicated that P. ruminicola had the greatest range and specific activity of dipeptidyl peptidases among the species tested. Streptococcus bovis hydrolysed some dipeptidyl peptidase substrates to a lesser extent, and several species broke down Ala2-p-nitroanilide, including Ruminobacter amylophilus, Ruminococcus spp. and Veillonella parvula. Dipeptidyl peptidases, which cleave dipeptides from the amino-terminus of longer peptides, were much more active than aminopeptidases removing single amino acids in P. ruminicola. Ion-exchange chromatography of sonicated extracts of P. ruminicola M384 revealed at least four distinct activities: one hydrolysed Ala2-p-nitroanilide, ValAla-p-nitroanilide, Ala4and Ala5; another was an O2-sensitive activity hydrolysing GlyArg-4-methoxynapthylamide, ArgArg-4-methoxynaphthylamide, Gly5 and ValGlySerGlu, similar to dipeptidyl peptidase type I DPP-1); a third hydrolysed GlyPro-p-nitroanilide and GlyPro-4-methoxynapthylamide and was similar to dipeptidyl peptidase type IV XDPP-4); a fourth broke down LysAla-4-methoxynaphthylamide. All of the enzymes, and particularly those active against Ala2-p-nitroanilide and GlyPro-p-nitroanilide, were inhibited by serine protease inhibitors, and all except DPP-4 were inhibited by EDTA. Both DPP-1 and the enzyme hydrolysing LysAla-4-methoxynaphthylamide were inhibited strongly by iodoacetate. DPP-4 was inhibited completely by diprotin A. Competitive inhibition experiments suggested that DPP-1 was less important than the other enzymes in the breakdown of peptide mixtures.

AB - Prevotella (formerly Bacteroides) ruminicola is a numerous rumen bacterium which plays a significant role in the metabolism of proteins and peptides in the rumen. Measurement of the hydrolysis of synthetic aminopeptidase substrates by sonicated extracts and whole cells of different species of rumen bacteria indicated that P. ruminicola had the greatest range and specific activity of dipeptidyl peptidases among the species tested. Streptococcus bovis hydrolysed some dipeptidyl peptidase substrates to a lesser extent, and several species broke down Ala2-p-nitroanilide, including Ruminobacter amylophilus, Ruminococcus spp. and Veillonella parvula. Dipeptidyl peptidases, which cleave dipeptides from the amino-terminus of longer peptides, were much more active than aminopeptidases removing single amino acids in P. ruminicola. Ion-exchange chromatography of sonicated extracts of P. ruminicola M384 revealed at least four distinct activities: one hydrolysed Ala2-p-nitroanilide, ValAla-p-nitroanilide, Ala4and Ala5; another was an O2-sensitive activity hydrolysing GlyArg-4-methoxynapthylamide, ArgArg-4-methoxynaphthylamide, Gly5 and ValGlySerGlu, similar to dipeptidyl peptidase type I DPP-1); a third hydrolysed GlyPro-p-nitroanilide and GlyPro-4-methoxynapthylamide and was similar to dipeptidyl peptidase type IV XDPP-4); a fourth broke down LysAla-4-methoxynaphthylamide. All of the enzymes, and particularly those active against Ala2-p-nitroanilide and GlyPro-p-nitroanilide, were inhibited by serine protease inhibitors, and all except DPP-4 were inhibited by EDTA. Both DPP-1 and the enzyme hydrolysing LysAla-4-methoxynaphthylamide were inhibited strongly by iodoacetate. DPP-4 was inhibited completely by diprotin A. Competitive inhibition experiments suggested that DPP-1 was less important than the other enzymes in the breakdown of peptide mixtures.

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Wallace RJ, McKain N, Broderick GA, Rode LM, Walker ND, Newbold CJ et al. Peptidases of the rumen bacterium, Prevotella ruminicola. Anaerobe. 1997 Feb;3(1):35-42. https://doi.org/10.1006/anae.1996.0065