Plant genetic resources for food and agriculture: opportunities and challenges emerging from the science and information technology revolution

M Halewood, T Chiurugwi, RS Hamilton, B Kurtz, E Marden, E Welch, F Michiels, J Mozafari, M Sabran, N Patron, P Kersey, R Bastow, S Dorius, S Dias, S McCouch, W Powell

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

12 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Over the last decade, there has been an ongoing revolution in the exploration, manipulation and synthesis of biological systems, through the development of new technologies that generate, analyse and exploit big data. Users of Plant Genetic Resources (PGR) can potentially leverage these capacities to significantly increase the efficiency and effectiveness of their efforts to conserve, discover and utilise novel qualities in PGR, and help achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This review advances the discussion on these emerging opportunities and discusses how taking advantage of them will require data integration and synthesis across disciplinary, organisational and international boundaries, and the formation of multi-disciplinary, international partnerships. We explore some of the institutional and policy challenges that these efforts will face, particularly how these new technologies may influence the structure and role of research for sustainable development, ownership of resources, and access and benefit sharing. We discuss potential responses to political and institutional challenges, ranging from options for enhanced structure and governance of research discovery platforms to internationally brokered benefit-sharing agreements, and identify a set of broad principles that could guide the global community as it seeks or considers solutions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1407 - 1419
Number of pages13
JournalNew Phytologist
Volume217
Issue number4
Early online date23 Jan 2018
DOIs
Publication statusFirst published - 23 Jan 2018

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genetic resource
information technology
sustainable development
agriculture
food
ownership
resource
new technology
plant genetics
science
policy

Keywords

  • Access and benefit sharing
  • Big data
  • Data integration
  • Farmer’s rights
  • Global governance
  • Plant genetic resources for food

Cite this

Halewood, M ; Chiurugwi, T ; Hamilton, RS ; Kurtz, B ; Marden, E ; Welch, E ; Michiels, F ; Mozafari, J ; Sabran, M ; Patron, N ; Kersey, P ; Bastow, R ; Dorius, S ; Dias, S ; McCouch, S ; Powell, W. / Plant genetic resources for food and agriculture: opportunities and challenges emerging from the science and information technology revolution. In: New Phytologist. 2018 ; Vol. 217, No. 4. pp. 1407 - 1419.
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Halewood, M, Chiurugwi, T, Hamilton, RS, Kurtz, B, Marden, E, Welch, E, Michiels, F, Mozafari, J, Sabran, M, Patron, N, Kersey, P, Bastow, R, Dorius, S, Dias, S, McCouch, S & Powell, W 2018, 'Plant genetic resources for food and agriculture: opportunities and challenges emerging from the science and information technology revolution', New Phytologist, vol. 217, no. 4, pp. 1407 - 1419. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.14993

Plant genetic resources for food and agriculture: opportunities and challenges emerging from the science and information technology revolution. / Halewood, M; Chiurugwi, T; Hamilton, RS; Kurtz, B; Marden, E; Welch, E; Michiels, F; Mozafari, J; Sabran, M; Patron, N; Kersey, P; Bastow, R; Dorius, S; Dias, S; McCouch, S; Powell, W.

In: New Phytologist, Vol. 217, No. 4, 23.01.2018, p. 1407 - 1419.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Plant genetic resources for food and agriculture: opportunities and challenges emerging from the science and information technology revolution

AU - Halewood, M

AU - Chiurugwi, T

AU - Hamilton, RS

AU - Kurtz, B

AU - Marden, E

AU - Welch, E

AU - Michiels, F

AU - Mozafari, J

AU - Sabran, M

AU - Patron, N

AU - Kersey, P

AU - Bastow, R

AU - Dorius, S

AU - Dias, S

AU - McCouch, S

AU - Powell, W

PY - 2018/1/23

Y1 - 2018/1/23

N2 - Over the last decade, there has been an ongoing revolution in the exploration, manipulation and synthesis of biological systems, through the development of new technologies that generate, analyse and exploit big data. Users of Plant Genetic Resources (PGR) can potentially leverage these capacities to significantly increase the efficiency and effectiveness of their efforts to conserve, discover and utilise novel qualities in PGR, and help achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This review advances the discussion on these emerging opportunities and discusses how taking advantage of them will require data integration and synthesis across disciplinary, organisational and international boundaries, and the formation of multi-disciplinary, international partnerships. We explore some of the institutional and policy challenges that these efforts will face, particularly how these new technologies may influence the structure and role of research for sustainable development, ownership of resources, and access and benefit sharing. We discuss potential responses to political and institutional challenges, ranging from options for enhanced structure and governance of research discovery platforms to internationally brokered benefit-sharing agreements, and identify a set of broad principles that could guide the global community as it seeks or considers solutions.

AB - Over the last decade, there has been an ongoing revolution in the exploration, manipulation and synthesis of biological systems, through the development of new technologies that generate, analyse and exploit big data. Users of Plant Genetic Resources (PGR) can potentially leverage these capacities to significantly increase the efficiency and effectiveness of their efforts to conserve, discover and utilise novel qualities in PGR, and help achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This review advances the discussion on these emerging opportunities and discusses how taking advantage of them will require data integration and synthesis across disciplinary, organisational and international boundaries, and the formation of multi-disciplinary, international partnerships. We explore some of the institutional and policy challenges that these efforts will face, particularly how these new technologies may influence the structure and role of research for sustainable development, ownership of resources, and access and benefit sharing. We discuss potential responses to political and institutional challenges, ranging from options for enhanced structure and governance of research discovery platforms to internationally brokered benefit-sharing agreements, and identify a set of broad principles that could guide the global community as it seeks or considers solutions.

KW - Access and benefit sharing

KW - Big data

KW - Data integration

KW - Farmer’s rights

KW - Global governance

KW - Plant genetic resources for food

U2 - 10.1111/nph.14993

DO - 10.1111/nph.14993

M3 - Review article

C2 - 29359808

VL - 217

SP - 1407

EP - 1419

JO - New Phytologist

JF - New Phytologist

SN - 0028-646X

IS - 4

ER -