Poly(butylene succinate) and graphene nanoplatelet–based sustainable functional nanocomposite materials: structure-properties relationship

O. Platnieks*, S. Gaidukovs, N. Neibolts, A. Barkane, G. Gaidukova, V. K. Thakur

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Sustainable functional polymer nanocomposites from renewable resources are extremely promising materials that can provide the next-generation of lightweight, multifunctional materials for several applications including energy storage, automotive, construction, defense, aerospace, consumer products, biomedical and functional coatings to name few. There is limited information on the use of sustainable polymers and graphene nanoplatelets (GNs), as well as the combinations of these two can provide reduced water permeability or enhanced electrical conductivity and improved thermal properties, and so on. Building upon this hypothesis, biobased poly(butylene succinate)/few-layer GN nanocomposites were prepared via a solventless melt-blending technique. Different characterization techniques such as differential scanning calorimetery, thermogravimetric analysis, dynamic mechanical analysis, dielectric spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and hot stage optical microscopy were used to study the thermal and structural characteristics. The melt blending was characterized by torque and temperature curves which showed that torque was reduced by up to 15 Nm, and melt temperature was improved by up to 5 °C. The improved crystallization of the composites in low concentrations of GN was observed. Graphene has been found to increase the crystallization temperature up to 10 °C and yielded pronounced spherulite structure, whereas peak shift was observed in XRD. High filler loading from 0.5 to 6.0 wt% was used to obtain more insights for few-layer graphene applications for thermoplastic polymer processing applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100351
JournalMaterials Today Chemistry
Volume18
Early online date24 Sep 2020
DOIs
Publication statusFirst published - 24 Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Crystallization
  • Dielectric properties
  • Functional nanocomposite
  • Melt processing
  • Thermomechanical properties

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