Predicted costs and benefits of eradicating BVDV from Ireland

AW Stott, RW Humphry, GJ Gunn, I Higgins, T Hennessey, J O'Flaherty, DA Graham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) causes an economically important endemic disease (BVD) of cattle in Ireland and worldwide. Systematic eradication by detection and removal of infectious (BVDV carrier) cattle has been successful in several regions. We therefore assessed the benefits (disease losses avoided) and costs (testing and culling regime) of a potential eradication programme in Ireland. Published bio-economic models of BVDV spread in beef suckler herds and dairy herds were adapted to estimate potential benefits of eradication in Ireland. A simple model of BVDV spread in beef finisher herds was devised to estimate the benefits of eradication in this sector. A six year eradication programme consisting of 5 inter-related virological and serological testing programmes is outlined and costed. We found that the annualised benefits of BVDV eradication in Ireland exceeded the costs by a factor of 5 in the beef suckler sector and a factor of 14 in the dairy sector. Corresponding payback periods were 1.2 and 0.5 years respectively. These results highlight the significant economic impact of BVDV on the Irish cattle industry and suggest a clear economic benefit to eradication using the proposed approach. This type of cost-benefit analysis is considered an essential prerequisite prior to undertaking an eradication campaign of this magnitude.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12 - 29
Number of pages18
JournalIrish Veterinary Journal
Volume65
Publication statusFirst published - 2012

Fingerprint

Bovine viral diarrhea virus
Ireland
beef
herds
bioeconomic models
culling (animals)
cost benefit analysis
bovine viral diarrhea
cattle
economic impact
dairy herds
dairies
testing
economics

Bibliographical note

1023397
2049799

Keywords

  • BVDV
  • Cost benefit analysis
  • Eradication

Cite this

Stott, AW., Humphry, RW., Gunn, GJ., Higgins, I., Hennessey, T., O'Flaherty, J., & Graham, DA. (2012). Predicted costs and benefits of eradicating BVDV from Ireland. Irish Veterinary Journal, 65, 12 - 29.
Stott, AW ; Humphry, RW ; Gunn, GJ ; Higgins, I ; Hennessey, T ; O'Flaherty, J ; Graham, DA. / Predicted costs and benefits of eradicating BVDV from Ireland. In: Irish Veterinary Journal. 2012 ; Vol. 65. pp. 12 - 29.
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Stott, AW, Humphry, RW, Gunn, GJ, Higgins, I, Hennessey, T, O'Flaherty, J & Graham, DA 2012, 'Predicted costs and benefits of eradicating BVDV from Ireland', Irish Veterinary Journal, vol. 65, pp. 12 - 29.

Predicted costs and benefits of eradicating BVDV from Ireland. / Stott, AW; Humphry, RW; Gunn, GJ; Higgins, I; Hennessey, T; O'Flaherty, J; Graham, DA.

In: Irish Veterinary Journal, Vol. 65, 2012, p. 12 - 29.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Predicted costs and benefits of eradicating BVDV from Ireland

AU - Stott, AW

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AB - Bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) causes an economically important endemic disease (BVD) of cattle in Ireland and worldwide. Systematic eradication by detection and removal of infectious (BVDV carrier) cattle has been successful in several regions. We therefore assessed the benefits (disease losses avoided) and costs (testing and culling regime) of a potential eradication programme in Ireland. Published bio-economic models of BVDV spread in beef suckler herds and dairy herds were adapted to estimate potential benefits of eradication in Ireland. A simple model of BVDV spread in beef finisher herds was devised to estimate the benefits of eradication in this sector. A six year eradication programme consisting of 5 inter-related virological and serological testing programmes is outlined and costed. We found that the annualised benefits of BVDV eradication in Ireland exceeded the costs by a factor of 5 in the beef suckler sector and a factor of 14 in the dairy sector. Corresponding payback periods were 1.2 and 0.5 years respectively. These results highlight the significant economic impact of BVDV on the Irish cattle industry and suggest a clear economic benefit to eradication using the proposed approach. This type of cost-benefit analysis is considered an essential prerequisite prior to undertaking an eradication campaign of this magnitude.

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Stott AW, Humphry RW, Gunn GJ, Higgins I, Hennessey T, O'Flaherty J et al. Predicted costs and benefits of eradicating BVDV from Ireland. Irish Veterinary Journal. 2012;65:12 - 29.