Predicting global killer whale population collapse from PCB pollution

Jean-Pierre Desforges, Ailsa Hall, Bernie McConnell, Aqqalu Rosing-Asvid, Jonathan L Barber, Andrew Brownlow, Sylvain De Guise, Igor Eulaers, Paul D Jepson, Robert J Letcher, Milton Levin, Peter S Ross, Filipa Samarra, Gísli Víkingson, Christian Sonne, Rune Dietz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Killer whales (Orcinus orca) are among the most highly polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB)-contaminated mammals in the world, raising concern about the health consequences of current PCB exposures. Using an individual-based model framework and globally available data on PCB concentrations in killer whale tissues, we show that PCB-mediated effects on reproduction and immune function threaten the long-term viability of >50% of the world's killer whale populations. PCB-mediated effects over the coming 100 years predicted that killer whale populations near industrialized regions, and those feeding at high trophic levels regardless of location, are at high risk of population collapse. Despite a near-global ban of PCBs more than 30 years ago, the world's killer whales illustrate the troubling persistence of this chemical class.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1373-1376
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume361
Issue number6409
DOIs
Publication statusPrint publication - 28 Sep 2018

Fingerprint

Killer Whale
Polychlorinated Biphenyls
Population
Reproduction
Mammals
Health

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2018 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works.

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Endangered Species
  • Extinction, Biological
  • Immunity/drug effects
  • Polychlorinated Biphenyls/toxicity
  • Population
  • Reproduction/drug effects
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical/toxicity
  • Whale, Killer/immunology

Cite this

Desforges, J-P., Hall, A., McConnell, B., Rosing-Asvid, A., Barber, J. L., Brownlow, A., ... Dietz, R. (2018). Predicting global killer whale population collapse from PCB pollution. Science, 361(6409), 1373-1376. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aat1953
Desforges, Jean-Pierre ; Hall, Ailsa ; McConnell, Bernie ; Rosing-Asvid, Aqqalu ; Barber, Jonathan L ; Brownlow, Andrew ; De Guise, Sylvain ; Eulaers, Igor ; Jepson, Paul D ; Letcher, Robert J ; Levin, Milton ; Ross, Peter S ; Samarra, Filipa ; Víkingson, Gísli ; Sonne, Christian ; Dietz, Rune. / Predicting global killer whale population collapse from PCB pollution. In: Science. 2018 ; Vol. 361, No. 6409. pp. 1373-1376.
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Desforges, J-P, Hall, A, McConnell, B, Rosing-Asvid, A, Barber, JL, Brownlow, A, De Guise, S, Eulaers, I, Jepson, PD, Letcher, RJ, Levin, M, Ross, PS, Samarra, F, Víkingson, G, Sonne, C & Dietz, R 2018, 'Predicting global killer whale population collapse from PCB pollution', Science, vol. 361, no. 6409, pp. 1373-1376. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aat1953

Predicting global killer whale population collapse from PCB pollution. / Desforges, Jean-Pierre; Hall, Ailsa; McConnell, Bernie; Rosing-Asvid, Aqqalu; Barber, Jonathan L; Brownlow, Andrew; De Guise, Sylvain; Eulaers, Igor; Jepson, Paul D; Letcher, Robert J; Levin, Milton; Ross, Peter S; Samarra, Filipa; Víkingson, Gísli; Sonne, Christian; Dietz, Rune.

In: Science, Vol. 361, No. 6409, 28.09.2018, p. 1373-1376.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Desforges, Jean-Pierre

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AU - De Guise, Sylvain

AU - Eulaers, Igor

AU - Jepson, Paul D

AU - Letcher, Robert J

AU - Levin, Milton

AU - Ross, Peter S

AU - Samarra, Filipa

AU - Víkingson, Gísli

AU - Sonne, Christian

AU - Dietz, Rune

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AB - Killer whales (Orcinus orca) are among the most highly polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB)-contaminated mammals in the world, raising concern about the health consequences of current PCB exposures. Using an individual-based model framework and globally available data on PCB concentrations in killer whale tissues, we show that PCB-mediated effects on reproduction and immune function threaten the long-term viability of >50% of the world's killer whale populations. PCB-mediated effects over the coming 100 years predicted that killer whale populations near industrialized regions, and those feeding at high trophic levels regardless of location, are at high risk of population collapse. Despite a near-global ban of PCBs more than 30 years ago, the world's killer whales illustrate the troubling persistence of this chemical class.

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Desforges J-P, Hall A, McConnell B, Rosing-Asvid A, Barber JL, Brownlow A et al. Predicting global killer whale population collapse from PCB pollution. Science. 2018 Sep 28;361(6409):1373-1376. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aat1953