Preparing the Evidence Base for Post-Brexit agriculture in Scotland – case studies on alternative payments

Nic Lampkin*, Shailesh Shrestha, Anna Sellars, David Baldock, Jo Smith, Samantha Mullender, C Keenleyside, Bruce Pearce, CA Watson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Book/Report/Policy Brief/Technical BriefCommissioned reportpeer-review

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Leaving the European Union will present significant challenges to the farming industry, and
creative change is required for a new agricultural policy after the transition period. Many farms
rely on public support and there is a need to review possible solutions that will replace and
improve on the Common Agricultural Policy, for both the industry and wider society. In
particular, could the resources currently spent on CAP basic and coupled payments be
redirected to pay for the delivery of public environmental goods? This study aims to contribute
to preparing the evidence for post-Brexit agricultural and environmental support in this context.
The results are intended to provide a basis for discussion and an illustration of how various
proposals for supporting agriculture and the environment after exiting the EU could be applied.
The objectives of this study are to:
 illustrate how the concept of public money for public goods could be realised across a range of farm types in Scotland;
 using case studies, make a comparison of current agricultural support with alternative proposals for rewarding farmers for the delivery of environmental public goods;
 assess the impact on farm income of the various proposals compared with current pillar 1 and pillar 2 payments on the selected farms; and
 discuss the feasibility
Original languageEnglish
Commissioning bodyNature Scot
Number of pages112
ISBN (Print) 978-1-78391-851-5
Publication statusPrint publication - 2021

Publication series

NameResearch Report No. 1201

Bibliographical note

This report, or any part of it, should not be reproduced without the permission of Scottish Natural Heritage (hereinafter referred to as "NatureScot"). This permission will not be withheld unreasonably. The views expressed by the author(s) of this report should not be taken as the views and policies of NatureScot.


  • public goods
  • agri-environment
  • policy
  • environmental maintenance
  • conservations agriculture
  • organic farming
  • habitat conservation
  • nature restoration


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