Quantifying carbon for agricultural soil management: from the current status toward a global soil information system

Keith Paustain, Sarah Collier, Jeff Baldock, Rachel Burgess, Jeff Creque, Marcia DeLonge, JA Dungait, Ben Ellert, Stefan Frank, Tom Goddard, Bram Govaerts, Mike Grundy, Mark Henning, R. Cesar Izaurralde, Mikulas Madaras, Brian McConkey, Elizabeth Porzig, Charles Rice, Ross Searle, Nathaniel SeavyRastislav Skalsky, William Mulhern, Molly Jahn

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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Abstract

The importance of building/maintaining soil carbon, for soil health and CO2 mitigation, is of increasing interest to a wide audience, including policymakers, NGOs and land managers. Integral to any approaches to promote carbon sequestering practices in managed soils are reliable, accurate and cost-effective means to quantify soil C stock changes and forecast soil C responses to different management, climate and edaphic conditions. While technology to accurately measure soil C concentrations and stocks has been in use for decades, many challenges to routine, cost-effective soil C quantification remain, including large spatial variability, low signal-to-noise and often high cost and standardization issues for direct measurement with destructive sampling. Models, empirical and process-based, may provide a cost-effective and practical means for soil C quantification to support C sequestration policies. Examples are described of how soil science and soil C quantification methods are being used to support domestic climate change policies to promote soil C sequestration on agricultural lands (cropland and grazing land) at national and provincial levels in Australia and Canada. Finally, a quantification system is outlined – consisting of well-integrated data-model frameworks, supported by expanded measurement and monitoring networks, remote sensing and crowd-sourcing of management activity data – that could comprise the core of a new global soil information system.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)567-587
Number of pages21
JournalCarbon Management
Volume10
Issue number6
Early online date3 Sep 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPrint publication - 2 Nov 2019

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soil management
agricultural soil
information system
carbon
soil
cost
carbon sequestration
soil science
soil carbon
standardization
nongovernmental organization
mitigation
agricultural land
grazing
remote sensing
climate change

Keywords

  • Soil carbon
  • Carbon sequestration
  • Measurement methods
  • SOC models
  • Soil monitoring
  • Soil health

Cite this

Paustain, K., Collier, S., Baldock, J., Burgess, R., Creque, J., DeLonge, M., ... Jahn, M. (2019). Quantifying carbon for agricultural soil management: from the current status toward a global soil information system. Carbon Management, 10(6), 567-587. https://doi.org/10.1080/17583004.2019.1633231
Paustain, Keith ; Collier, Sarah ; Baldock, Jeff ; Burgess, Rachel ; Creque, Jeff ; DeLonge, Marcia ; Dungait, JA ; Ellert, Ben ; Frank, Stefan ; Goddard, Tom ; Govaerts, Bram ; Grundy, Mike ; Henning, Mark ; Izaurralde, R. Cesar ; Madaras, Mikulas ; McConkey, Brian ; Porzig, Elizabeth ; Rice, Charles ; Searle, Ross ; Seavy, Nathaniel ; Skalsky, Rastislav ; Mulhern, William ; Jahn, Molly. / Quantifying carbon for agricultural soil management: from the current status toward a global soil information system. In: Carbon Management. 2019 ; Vol. 10, No. 6. pp. 567-587.
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Paustain, K, Collier, S, Baldock, J, Burgess, R, Creque, J, DeLonge, M, Dungait, JA, Ellert, B, Frank, S, Goddard, T, Govaerts, B, Grundy, M, Henning, M, Izaurralde, RC, Madaras, M, McConkey, B, Porzig, E, Rice, C, Searle, R, Seavy, N, Skalsky, R, Mulhern, W & Jahn, M 2019, 'Quantifying carbon for agricultural soil management: from the current status toward a global soil information system', Carbon Management, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 567-587. https://doi.org/10.1080/17583004.2019.1633231

Quantifying carbon for agricultural soil management: from the current status toward a global soil information system. / Paustain, Keith; Collier, Sarah; Baldock, Jeff; Burgess, Rachel; Creque, Jeff; DeLonge, Marcia; Dungait, JA; Ellert, Ben; Frank, Stefan; Goddard, Tom; Govaerts, Bram; Grundy, Mike; Henning, Mark; Izaurralde, R. Cesar; Madaras, Mikulas; McConkey, Brian; Porzig, Elizabeth; Rice, Charles; Searle, Ross; Seavy, Nathaniel; Skalsky, Rastislav; Mulhern, William; Jahn, Molly.

In: Carbon Management, Vol. 10, No. 6, 02.11.2019, p. 567-587.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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AU - Paustain, Keith

AU - Collier, Sarah

AU - Baldock, Jeff

AU - Burgess, Rachel

AU - Creque, Jeff

AU - DeLonge, Marcia

AU - Dungait, JA

AU - Ellert, Ben

AU - Frank, Stefan

AU - Goddard, Tom

AU - Govaerts, Bram

AU - Grundy, Mike

AU - Henning, Mark

AU - Izaurralde, R. Cesar

AU - Madaras, Mikulas

AU - McConkey, Brian

AU - Porzig, Elizabeth

AU - Rice, Charles

AU - Searle, Ross

AU - Seavy, Nathaniel

AU - Skalsky, Rastislav

AU - Mulhern, William

AU - Jahn, Molly

PY - 2019/11/2

Y1 - 2019/11/2

N2 - The importance of building/maintaining soil carbon, for soil health and CO2 mitigation, is of increasing interest to a wide audience, including policymakers, NGOs and land managers. Integral to any approaches to promote carbon sequestering practices in managed soils are reliable, accurate and cost-effective means to quantify soil C stock changes and forecast soil C responses to different management, climate and edaphic conditions. While technology to accurately measure soil C concentrations and stocks has been in use for decades, many challenges to routine, cost-effective soil C quantification remain, including large spatial variability, low signal-to-noise and often high cost and standardization issues for direct measurement with destructive sampling. Models, empirical and process-based, may provide a cost-effective and practical means for soil C quantification to support C sequestration policies. Examples are described of how soil science and soil C quantification methods are being used to support domestic climate change policies to promote soil C sequestration on agricultural lands (cropland and grazing land) at national and provincial levels in Australia and Canada. Finally, a quantification system is outlined – consisting of well-integrated data-model frameworks, supported by expanded measurement and monitoring networks, remote sensing and crowd-sourcing of management activity data – that could comprise the core of a new global soil information system.

AB - The importance of building/maintaining soil carbon, for soil health and CO2 mitigation, is of increasing interest to a wide audience, including policymakers, NGOs and land managers. Integral to any approaches to promote carbon sequestering practices in managed soils are reliable, accurate and cost-effective means to quantify soil C stock changes and forecast soil C responses to different management, climate and edaphic conditions. While technology to accurately measure soil C concentrations and stocks has been in use for decades, many challenges to routine, cost-effective soil C quantification remain, including large spatial variability, low signal-to-noise and often high cost and standardization issues for direct measurement with destructive sampling. Models, empirical and process-based, may provide a cost-effective and practical means for soil C quantification to support C sequestration policies. Examples are described of how soil science and soil C quantification methods are being used to support domestic climate change policies to promote soil C sequestration on agricultural lands (cropland and grazing land) at national and provincial levels in Australia and Canada. Finally, a quantification system is outlined – consisting of well-integrated data-model frameworks, supported by expanded measurement and monitoring networks, remote sensing and crowd-sourcing of management activity data – that could comprise the core of a new global soil information system.

KW - Soil carbon

KW - Carbon sequestration

KW - Measurement methods

KW - SOC models

KW - Soil monitoring

KW - Soil health

U2 - 10.1080/17583004.2019.1633231

DO - 10.1080/17583004.2019.1633231

M3 - Review article

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JO - Carbon Management

JF - Carbon Management

SN - 1758-3004

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