Recent advances in cellulose supported photocatalysis for pollutant mitigation: A review

Anita Sudhaik, Pankaj Raizada, Tansir Ahamad, Saad M. Alshehri, Van Huy Nguyen, Quyet Van Le, Sourbh Thakur, Vijay Kumar Thakur, Rangabhashiyam Selvasembian*, Pardeep Singh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)


In recent times, green chemistry or “green world” is a new and effective approach for sustainable environmental remediation. Among all biomaterials, cellulose is a vital material in research and green chemistry. Cellulose is the most commonly used natural biopolymer because of its distinctive and exceptional properties such as reproducibility, cost-effectiveness, biocompatibility, biodegradability, and universality. Generally, coupling cellulose with other nanocomposite materials enhances the properties like porosity and specific surface area. The polymer is environment-friendly, bioresorbable, and sustainable which not only justifies the requirements of a good photocatalyst but boosts the adsorption ability and degradation efficiency of the nanocomposite. Hence, knowing the role of cellulose to enhance photocatalytic activity, the present review is focused on the properties of cellulose and its application in antibiotics, textile dyes, phenol and Cr(VI) reduction, and degradation. The work also highlighted the degradation mechanism of cellulose-based photocatalysts, confirming cellulose's role as a support material to act as a sink and electron mediator, suppressing the charge carrier's recombination rate and enhancing the charge migration ability. The review also covers the latest progressions, leanings, and challenges of cellulose biomaterials-based nanocomposites in the photocatalysis field.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1284-1308
Number of pages25
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Early online date29 Dec 2022
Publication statusPrint publication - 31 Jan 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright: © 2022 Elsevier B.V.


  • Biomaterials
  • Nanocomposite
  • Photocatalysis
  • Pollutant degradation
  • Support material
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Cellulose/chemistry
  • Environmental Pollutants
  • Biocompatible Materials
  • Polymers/chemistry


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