Recent advances in starch–clay nanocomposites

G. Madhumitha, J. Fowsiya, S. Mohana Roopan*, Vijay Kumar Thakur

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biological nanocomposites are a valuable addition to the existing nanocomposite materials and eventually can substitute petroleum-based composite materials in numerous applications due to their inherent advantages such as biodegradability, eco-friendliness, low cost, and easy availability to name a few. Recently, polymer–clay nanocomposites have achieved much more attention due to their enhanced properties such as size dispersion and significant enhancement in physicochemical and mechanical properties in comparison to the pure polymer systems. Among various biopolymers, starch is one of the most abundant natural polymers on the earth and is highly valuable due to its chemical and physical properties. Starch polymer has highly increased potential as an alternative to petroleum-based materials. However, starch cannot be used alone and starch–clay nanocomposite has emerged as a new potential green sustainable material. This article focuses on recent progress in starch-based nanocomposites with particular emphasis on starch–clay nanocomposite preparation, properties, and applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)331-345
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Polymer Analysis and Characterization
Volume23
Issue number4
Early online date26 Mar 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPrint publication - 19 May 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Applications
  • clay
  • nanocomposites
  • preparation
  • properties
  • starch

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