Recent update on gasification and pyrolysis processes of lignocellulosic and algal biomass for hydrogen production

Kirti Mishra, Samarjeet Singh Siwal*, Adesh Kumar Saini, Vijay Kumar Thakur

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)
4 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Gasification and pyrolysis are encouraging routes for biomass transformation into energy outcomes. In specific, the syngas developed via biomass gasification significantly affect hydrogen production. Today's leading challenges are energy constraints connected to growing demand and economic and environmental problems. The investigation is underway in various aspects of the globe to deliver an alternative energy origin with lower emission features and higher efficiency. Among a wide variety of biomass resources, algal biomass was assessed as a valuable material for the third generation of biofuel feedstock because of its benefits, for example, its quick development rate and lower demand of cultivation regions. In addition, the present review article is a general overview and different types of biomass (such as cellulose, algal & waste-activated sludge) utilized in hydrogen production. Further, the thermochemical conversion methods have been highlighted and discussed in detail for hydrogen production. Finally, we have concluded with the prospects of these techniques to enhance hydrogen production.

Original languageEnglish
Article number126169
JournalFuel
Volume332
Early online date10 Oct 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPrint publication - 15 Jan 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright: © 2022 The Author(s)

Keywords

  • Biofuels
  • Biomass
  • Energy production
  • Gasification
  • Pyrolysis
  • Syngas

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