Relationship between metabolic status and behavior in dairy cows in week 4 of lactation

RJ van Hoeij, A Kok, RM Bruckmaier, MJ Haskell, B Kemp, ATM van Knegsel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Blood metabolite and hormone concentrations are indicative of metabolic status, but blood sampling and analysis is invasive and time-consuming. Monitoring behavior can be done automatically, and behaviors may also be used as indicators of metabolic status. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationships between metabolic status and feeding behavior, lying behavior, motion index and steps of dairy cows in week 4 postpartum. Behavioral data from 81 Holstein-Friesian cows were collected using computerized feeders and accelerometers, and blood samples were collected for analysis of free-fatty acid (FFA), β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB), glucose, insulin, IGF-1 and growth hormone (GH) concentrations. First, cluster analysis was performed to categorize cows as having poor, average, good or very good metabolic status based on their plasma FFA, BHB, glucose, insulin, IGF-1 and GH concentration. Subsequently, the performance and behavior of cows in clusters with poor, average and good metabolic status were compared using GLM. Cows with a poor or average metabolic status tended to have greater fatand- protein-corrected milk yield than cows with good metabolic status. Furthermore, cows with a poor metabolic status had a lower energy balance and dry matter intake (DMI) than cows with an average or good metabolic status and had a lower number of meals than cows with good metabolic status. Daily number of visits to the feeder and lying time tended to be positively related with metabolic status. Feeding rate (kg/min), daily meal time (min/day), number of lying bouts per day, steps and motion index were not related with metabolic status. In conclusion, better metabolic status in dairy cows in early lactation was associated with a greater DMI, increased feeding activity and a tendency to more time spent lying, compared with poor metabolic status. These results suggest that compromised metabolic status is reflected in altered cow’s behavior in week 4 of lactation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)640-648
Number of pages9
JournalAnimal
Volume13
Issue number3
Early online date26 Jul 2018
DOIs
Publication statusFirst published - 26 Jul 2018

Fingerprint

dairy cows
lactation
cows
somatotropin
dry matter intake
free fatty acids
automated feeders
insulin
glucose
milk protein yield
hematologic tests
blood sampling
blood
early lactation
energy balance
feeding behavior
cluster analysis
Holstein
hormones
metabolites

Keywords

  • Continuous milking
  • Dry period length
  • Feeding behaviour
  • Lactogenic hormones
  • Sensor technology

Cite this

van Hoeij, RJ., Kok, A., Bruckmaier, RM., Haskell, MJ., Kemp, B., & van Knegsel, ATM. (2018). Relationship between metabolic status and behavior in dairy cows in week 4 of lactation. Animal, 13(3), 640-648. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1751731118001842
van Hoeij, RJ ; Kok, A ; Bruckmaier, RM ; Haskell, MJ ; Kemp, B ; van Knegsel, ATM. / Relationship between metabolic status and behavior in dairy cows in week 4 of lactation. In: Animal. 2018 ; Vol. 13, No. 3. pp. 640-648.
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van Hoeij, RJ, Kok, A, Bruckmaier, RM, Haskell, MJ, Kemp, B & van Knegsel, ATM 2018, 'Relationship between metabolic status and behavior in dairy cows in week 4 of lactation', Animal, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 640-648. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1751731118001842

Relationship between metabolic status and behavior in dairy cows in week 4 of lactation. / van Hoeij, RJ; Kok, A; Bruckmaier, RM; Haskell, MJ; Kemp, B; van Knegsel, ATM.

In: Animal, Vol. 13, No. 3, 26.07.2018, p. 640-648.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Relationship between metabolic status and behavior in dairy cows in week 4 of lactation

AU - van Hoeij, RJ

AU - Kok, A

AU - Bruckmaier, RM

AU - Haskell, MJ

AU - Kemp, B

AU - van Knegsel, ATM

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N2 - Blood metabolite and hormone concentrations are indicative of metabolic status, but blood sampling and analysis is invasive and time-consuming. Monitoring behavior can be done automatically, and behaviors may also be used as indicators of metabolic status. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationships between metabolic status and feeding behavior, lying behavior, motion index and steps of dairy cows in week 4 postpartum. Behavioral data from 81 Holstein-Friesian cows were collected using computerized feeders and accelerometers, and blood samples were collected for analysis of free-fatty acid (FFA), β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB), glucose, insulin, IGF-1 and growth hormone (GH) concentrations. First, cluster analysis was performed to categorize cows as having poor, average, good or very good metabolic status based on their plasma FFA, BHB, glucose, insulin, IGF-1 and GH concentration. Subsequently, the performance and behavior of cows in clusters with poor, average and good metabolic status were compared using GLM. Cows with a poor or average metabolic status tended to have greater fatand- protein-corrected milk yield than cows with good metabolic status. Furthermore, cows with a poor metabolic status had a lower energy balance and dry matter intake (DMI) than cows with an average or good metabolic status and had a lower number of meals than cows with good metabolic status. Daily number of visits to the feeder and lying time tended to be positively related with metabolic status. Feeding rate (kg/min), daily meal time (min/day), number of lying bouts per day, steps and motion index were not related with metabolic status. In conclusion, better metabolic status in dairy cows in early lactation was associated with a greater DMI, increased feeding activity and a tendency to more time spent lying, compared with poor metabolic status. These results suggest that compromised metabolic status is reflected in altered cow’s behavior in week 4 of lactation.

AB - Blood metabolite and hormone concentrations are indicative of metabolic status, but blood sampling and analysis is invasive and time-consuming. Monitoring behavior can be done automatically, and behaviors may also be used as indicators of metabolic status. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationships between metabolic status and feeding behavior, lying behavior, motion index and steps of dairy cows in week 4 postpartum. Behavioral data from 81 Holstein-Friesian cows were collected using computerized feeders and accelerometers, and blood samples were collected for analysis of free-fatty acid (FFA), β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB), glucose, insulin, IGF-1 and growth hormone (GH) concentrations. First, cluster analysis was performed to categorize cows as having poor, average, good or very good metabolic status based on their plasma FFA, BHB, glucose, insulin, IGF-1 and GH concentration. Subsequently, the performance and behavior of cows in clusters with poor, average and good metabolic status were compared using GLM. Cows with a poor or average metabolic status tended to have greater fatand- protein-corrected milk yield than cows with good metabolic status. Furthermore, cows with a poor metabolic status had a lower energy balance and dry matter intake (DMI) than cows with an average or good metabolic status and had a lower number of meals than cows with good metabolic status. Daily number of visits to the feeder and lying time tended to be positively related with metabolic status. Feeding rate (kg/min), daily meal time (min/day), number of lying bouts per day, steps and motion index were not related with metabolic status. In conclusion, better metabolic status in dairy cows in early lactation was associated with a greater DMI, increased feeding activity and a tendency to more time spent lying, compared with poor metabolic status. These results suggest that compromised metabolic status is reflected in altered cow’s behavior in week 4 of lactation.

KW - Continuous milking

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