Relationship of calf antibody status to disease and performance

G L Caldow, D G White, M Kelsey, A R Peters, K J Solly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three tests were used to measure the circulating immunoglobulin in 381 purchased calves as they entered a commercial calf-rearing unit. A correlation of 0.64 was found between the zinc sulphate turbidity (ZST) test and a quantitative latex agglutination test (LAT) measuring IgG1 (P less than 0.001). A qualitative version of the LAT related poorly to the quantitative version. The proportion of plasma samples identified by the quantitative LAT as having an IgG1 concentration of less than 5 g/litre which were incorrectly identified as positives (greater than or equal to 5 g/litre) by the qualitative LAT was 0.65. The proportion of plasma samples identified by the quantitative LAT as having a IgG1 concentration of greater than or equal to 5 g/litre which were incorrectly identified as negative (less than 5 g/litre) was 0.11. There was no statistically significant relationship between plasma IgG1 concentration and initial liveweight, subsequent overall daily liveweight gain or disease incidence (P greater than 0.05). Calves treated for infectious disease, particularly respiratory disease after weaning, had statistically significantly lower liveweight gains than healthy calves (P less than 0.001).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-5
Number of pages3
JournalThe Veterinary Record
Volume122
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPrint publication - 16 Jan 1988
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Analysis of Variance
  • Animals
  • Body Weight
  • Cattle/growth & development
  • Cattle Diseases/epidemiology
  • Immunoglobulin G/analysis
  • Latex Fixation Tests
  • Male

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