Remnant genetic diversity detected in an ancient crop: Triticum dicoccon Schrank landraces from Asturias, Spain

F.J. Leigh*, H.R. Oliveira, I. Mackay, H. Jones, L. Smith, P. Wolters, M. Charles, M. Jones, W. Powell, T.A. Brown, G. Jones

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Emmer wheat, Triticum dicoccon Schrank was one of the founder crops of Neolithic agriculture. Though its cultivation was largely replaced by hexaploid wheats 2000 years ago, pockets of small scale cultivation can still be found. One such area is the Asturias region of Northern Spain, where emmer wheat remains a traditional crop for high value specialist culinary uses, and farmers grow locally adapted landraces. In order to study the diversity of these landraces, we sampled emmer wheat from different regions of Asturias, and genotyped multiple plants from each village using nuclear and chloroplast microsatellites. A high level of variation was observed with markers from both genomes, including a novel chloroplast haplotype. A strong geographic structure was observed in the Asturian emmer wheats in both the chloroplast markers and the nuclear microsatellite data.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)355-365
Number of pages11
JournalGenetic Resources and Crop Evolution
Volume60
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPrint publication - Jan 2013

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Triticum turgidum subsp. dicoccon
Spain
landraces
Triticum
wheat
genetic variation
crop
chloroplast
Chloroplasts
crops
chloroplasts
Microsatellite Repeats
microsatellite repeats
hexaploidy
villages
Agriculture
haplotypes
village
genome
Haplotypes

Bibliographical note

Cited By :1

Export Date: 31 March 2019

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Leigh, F.J. ; Oliveira, H.R. ; Mackay, I. ; Jones, H. ; Smith, L. ; Wolters, P. ; Charles, M. ; Jones, M. ; Powell, W. ; Brown, T.A. ; Jones, G. / Remnant genetic diversity detected in an ancient crop: Triticum dicoccon Schrank landraces from Asturias, Spain. In: Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution. 2013 ; Vol. 60, No. 1. pp. 355-365.
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abstract = "Emmer wheat, Triticum dicoccon Schrank was one of the founder crops of Neolithic agriculture. Though its cultivation was largely replaced by hexaploid wheats 2000 years ago, pockets of small scale cultivation can still be found. One such area is the Asturias region of Northern Spain, where emmer wheat remains a traditional crop for high value specialist culinary uses, and farmers grow locally adapted landraces. In order to study the diversity of these landraces, we sampled emmer wheat from different regions of Asturias, and genotyped multiple plants from each village using nuclear and chloroplast microsatellites. A high level of variation was observed with markers from both genomes, including a novel chloroplast haplotype. A strong geographic structure was observed in the Asturian emmer wheats in both the chloroplast markers and the nuclear microsatellite data.",
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Remnant genetic diversity detected in an ancient crop: Triticum dicoccon Schrank landraces from Asturias, Spain. / Leigh, F.J.; Oliveira, H.R.; Mackay, I.; Jones, H.; Smith, L.; Wolters, P.; Charles, M.; Jones, M.; Powell, W.; Brown, T.A.; Jones, G.

In: Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, Vol. 60, No. 1, 01.2013, p. 355-365.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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