Rumen fermentation and microbial yield of high- or low-protein diets containing ground soybean seeds or homemade rapeseed expellers evaluated with RUSITEC

M. Guadagnin, F. Tagliapietra, M. Cattani, S. Schiavon, H.J. Worgan, A. Belanche, C.J. Newbold, L. Bailoni*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This experiment aimed to compare diets containing two crude protein (CP) concentrations [147 or 109 g kg1 in dry matter (DM)] and two protein sources
containing ground soybean seed (GSS) or rapeseed expeller (RSE). Diets were compared in terms of digestibility, volatile fatty acids (VFA) and ammonia concentrations, and N flows, using rumen simulation fermenters (RUSITEC). Home made RSE (CP287 g kg1 dry matter and ether extract199 g kg1 DM) was produced using equipment adopted by small farms. Reduction of dietary CP content did not affect digestibility, except for a reduction of N apparent digestibility (PB0.01), but increased efficiency of N utilization (P0.001) without affecting microbial N production (P0.82). Total VFA concentration was not (P0.56) influenced by CP content. Compared with GSS, RSE exhibited a greater neutral detergent fibre digestibility (PB0.01), it did not influence total volatile fatty acids (VFA; P0.10) but decreased the proportions of acetate and propionate on total VFA (PB0.001) and increased those of butyrate and branched-chain VFA (PB0.001). Microbial efficiency was comparable for GSS and RSE. Results suggest that reduction of dietary CP concentration in DM did not impair in vitro digestibility and microbial growth. The protein mixture containing homemade RSE showed in vitro fermentative properties and microbial growth comparable with those of GSS.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)363-371
Number of pages9
JournalCanadian Journal of Animal Science
Volume93
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPrint publication - 2013
Externally publishedYes

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Brassica rapa
Protein-Restricted Diet
Volatile Fatty Acids
low protein diet
Rumen
rapeseed
volatile fatty acids
rumen fermentation
Soybeans
Fermentation
Seeds
soybeans
crude protein
seeds
digestibility
Proteins
proteins
Dietary Proteins
microbial growth
protein content

Bibliographical note

Cited By :1

Export Date: 18 May 2019

Cite this

Guadagnin, M. ; Tagliapietra, F. ; Cattani, M. ; Schiavon, S. ; Worgan, H.J. ; Belanche, A. ; Newbold, C.J. ; Bailoni, L. / Rumen fermentation and microbial yield of high- or low-protein diets containing ground soybean seeds or homemade rapeseed expellers evaluated with RUSITEC. In: Canadian Journal of Animal Science. 2013 ; Vol. 93, No. 3. pp. 363-371.
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abstract = "This experiment aimed to compare diets containing two crude protein (CP) concentrations [147 or 109 g kg1 in dry matter (DM)] and two protein sourcescontaining ground soybean seed (GSS) or rapeseed expeller (RSE). Diets were compared in terms of digestibility, volatile fatty acids (VFA) and ammonia concentrations, and N flows, using rumen simulation fermenters (RUSITEC). Home made RSE (CP287 g kg1 dry matter and ether extract199 g kg1 DM) was produced using equipment adopted by small farms. Reduction of dietary CP content did not affect digestibility, except for a reduction of N apparent digestibility (PB0.01), but increased efficiency of N utilization (P0.001) without affecting microbial N production (P0.82). Total VFA concentration was not (P0.56) influenced by CP content. Compared with GSS, RSE exhibited a greater neutral detergent fibre digestibility (PB0.01), it did not influence total volatile fatty acids (VFA; P0.10) but decreased the proportions of acetate and propionate on total VFA (PB0.001) and increased those of butyrate and branched-chain VFA (PB0.001). Microbial efficiency was comparable for GSS and RSE. Results suggest that reduction of dietary CP concentration in DM did not impair in vitro digestibility and microbial growth. The protein mixture containing homemade RSE showed in vitro fermentative properties and microbial growth comparable with those of GSS.",
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Rumen fermentation and microbial yield of high- or low-protein diets containing ground soybean seeds or homemade rapeseed expellers evaluated with RUSITEC. / Guadagnin, M.; Tagliapietra, F.; Cattani, M.; Schiavon, S.; Worgan, H.J.; Belanche, A.; Newbold, C.J.; Bailoni, L.

In: Canadian Journal of Animal Science, Vol. 93, No. 3, 2013, p. 363-371.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Rumen fermentation and microbial yield of high- or low-protein diets containing ground soybean seeds or homemade rapeseed expellers evaluated with RUSITEC

AU - Guadagnin, M.

AU - Tagliapietra, F.

AU - Cattani, M.

AU - Schiavon, S.

AU - Worgan, H.J.

AU - Belanche, A.

AU - Newbold, C.J.

AU - Bailoni, L.

N1 - Cited By :1 Export Date: 18 May 2019

PY - 2013

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N2 - This experiment aimed to compare diets containing two crude protein (CP) concentrations [147 or 109 g kg1 in dry matter (DM)] and two protein sourcescontaining ground soybean seed (GSS) or rapeseed expeller (RSE). Diets were compared in terms of digestibility, volatile fatty acids (VFA) and ammonia concentrations, and N flows, using rumen simulation fermenters (RUSITEC). Home made RSE (CP287 g kg1 dry matter and ether extract199 g kg1 DM) was produced using equipment adopted by small farms. Reduction of dietary CP content did not affect digestibility, except for a reduction of N apparent digestibility (PB0.01), but increased efficiency of N utilization (P0.001) without affecting microbial N production (P0.82). Total VFA concentration was not (P0.56) influenced by CP content. Compared with GSS, RSE exhibited a greater neutral detergent fibre digestibility (PB0.01), it did not influence total volatile fatty acids (VFA; P0.10) but decreased the proportions of acetate and propionate on total VFA (PB0.001) and increased those of butyrate and branched-chain VFA (PB0.001). Microbial efficiency was comparable for GSS and RSE. Results suggest that reduction of dietary CP concentration in DM did not impair in vitro digestibility and microbial growth. The protein mixture containing homemade RSE showed in vitro fermentative properties and microbial growth comparable with those of GSS.

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JF - Canadian Journal of Animal Science

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