Selection for 'environmental fit' from existing domesticated species

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

    6 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The selection of farm animals through breeding for human benefit has a very long history. In more recent times the practice of animal breeding has become highly sophisticated and the speed of change in ‘production traits’ such as rate of growth and milk yield has correspondingly increased dramatically. This narrow focus on production traits led to a number of well-documented examples of ‘unfavourable’ correlated responses such as negative fertility and health issues in high-yielding dairy cattle, with concerns that animal breeding is inherently antagonistic to animal welfare. In this paper the authors explore some of the questions surrounding breeding and welfare and, specifically, how to conceptualise and improve the ‘fit’ between the selected animal and the environment, or system, in which the animal is reared and managed. The authors conclude that there is a need for a better understanding of genotype × environment effects on health and welfare traits in order to inform the development of breeding programmes that lead to improved environmental fit in animals. They also see the need for the development of valid traits for assessing health and welfare, greater consideration of early life effects that can also potentially affect environmental fit and a need to consider the impacts of climate change on breeding programmes.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)171 - 179
    Number of pages9
    JournalRevue Scientifique et Technique de L'OIE
    Volume33
    Issue number1
    Publication statusFirst published - 2014

    Fingerprint

    animal breeding
    breeding
    farmed animal species
    milk yield
    animals
    climate change
    genotype
    cattle

    Keywords

    • Animal breeding
    • Animal health
    • Animal welfare
    • Climate change
    • Early life effect
    • Genotype × environment interaction
    • Narrow breeding goal

    Cite this

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    title = "Selection for 'environmental fit' from existing domesticated species",
    abstract = "The selection of farm animals through breeding for human benefit has a very long history. In more recent times the practice of animal breeding has become highly sophisticated and the speed of change in ‘production traits’ such as rate of growth and milk yield has correspondingly increased dramatically. This narrow focus on production traits led to a number of well-documented examples of ‘unfavourable’ correlated responses such as negative fertility and health issues in high-yielding dairy cattle, with concerns that animal breeding is inherently antagonistic to animal welfare. In this paper the authors explore some of the questions surrounding breeding and welfare and, specifically, how to conceptualise and improve the ‘fit’ between the selected animal and the environment, or system, in which the animal is reared and managed. The authors conclude that there is a need for a better understanding of genotype × environment effects on health and welfare traits in order to inform the development of breeding programmes that lead to improved environmental fit in animals. They also see the need for the development of valid traits for assessing health and welfare, greater consideration of early life effects that can also potentially affect environmental fit and a need to consider the impacts of climate change on breeding programmes.",
    keywords = "Animal breeding, Animal health, Animal welfare, Climate change, Early life effect, Genotype × environment interaction, Narrow breeding goal",
    author = "AB Lawrence and E Wall",
    year = "2014",
    language = "English",
    volume = "33",
    pages = "171 -- 179",
    journal = "Revue Scientifique et Technique de L'OIE",
    number = "1",

    }

    Selection for 'environmental fit' from existing domesticated species. / Lawrence, AB; Wall, E.

    In: Revue Scientifique et Technique de L'OIE, Vol. 33, No. 1, 2014, p. 171 - 179.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Selection for 'environmental fit' from existing domesticated species

    AU - Lawrence, AB

    AU - Wall, E

    PY - 2014

    Y1 - 2014

    N2 - The selection of farm animals through breeding for human benefit has a very long history. In more recent times the practice of animal breeding has become highly sophisticated and the speed of change in ‘production traits’ such as rate of growth and milk yield has correspondingly increased dramatically. This narrow focus on production traits led to a number of well-documented examples of ‘unfavourable’ correlated responses such as negative fertility and health issues in high-yielding dairy cattle, with concerns that animal breeding is inherently antagonistic to animal welfare. In this paper the authors explore some of the questions surrounding breeding and welfare and, specifically, how to conceptualise and improve the ‘fit’ between the selected animal and the environment, or system, in which the animal is reared and managed. The authors conclude that there is a need for a better understanding of genotype × environment effects on health and welfare traits in order to inform the development of breeding programmes that lead to improved environmental fit in animals. They also see the need for the development of valid traits for assessing health and welfare, greater consideration of early life effects that can also potentially affect environmental fit and a need to consider the impacts of climate change on breeding programmes.

    AB - The selection of farm animals through breeding for human benefit has a very long history. In more recent times the practice of animal breeding has become highly sophisticated and the speed of change in ‘production traits’ such as rate of growth and milk yield has correspondingly increased dramatically. This narrow focus on production traits led to a number of well-documented examples of ‘unfavourable’ correlated responses such as negative fertility and health issues in high-yielding dairy cattle, with concerns that animal breeding is inherently antagonistic to animal welfare. In this paper the authors explore some of the questions surrounding breeding and welfare and, specifically, how to conceptualise and improve the ‘fit’ between the selected animal and the environment, or system, in which the animal is reared and managed. The authors conclude that there is a need for a better understanding of genotype × environment effects on health and welfare traits in order to inform the development of breeding programmes that lead to improved environmental fit in animals. They also see the need for the development of valid traits for assessing health and welfare, greater consideration of early life effects that can also potentially affect environmental fit and a need to consider the impacts of climate change on breeding programmes.

    KW - Animal breeding

    KW - Animal health

    KW - Animal welfare

    KW - Climate change

    KW - Early life effect

    KW - Genotype × environment interaction

    KW - Narrow breeding goal

    M3 - Review article

    VL - 33

    SP - 171

    EP - 179

    JO - Revue Scientifique et Technique de L'OIE

    JF - Revue Scientifique et Technique de L'OIE

    IS - 1

    ER -