SERVAL: A new framework for the evaluation of animal health surveillance

JA Drewe, LJ Hoinville, AJ Cook, T Floyd, GJ Gunn, HDC Stark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)


Animal health surveillance programmes may change in response to altering requirements or perceived weaknesses but are seldom subjected to any formal evaluation to ensure that they provide valuable information in an efficient manner. The literature on the evaluation of animal health surveillance systems is sparse, and those that are published may be unstructured and therefore incomplete. To address this gap, we have developed SERVAL, a SuRveillance EVALuation framework, which is novel and aims to be generic and therefore suitable for the evaluation of any animal health surveillance system. The inclusion of socio-economic criteria ensures that economic evaluation is an integral part of this framework. SERVAL was developed with input from a technical workshop of international experts followed by a consultation process involving providers and users of surveillance and evaluation data. It has been applied to a range of case studies encompassing different surveillance and evaluation objectives. Here, we describe the development, structure and application of the SERVAL framework. We discuss users' experiences in applying SERVAL to evaluate animal health surveillance systems in Great Britain.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33 - 45
Number of pages13
JournalTransboundary and Emerging Diseases
Issue number1
Publication statusPrint publication - Feb 2015

Bibliographical note



  • Decision
  • Economic analysis
  • Epidemiology
  • Tool


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