Single-point haplotype scores telomeric to human leukocyte antigen-C give a high susceptibility major histocompatability complex haplotype for psoriasis in a caucasian population

Nick Lench, Mark M. Iles, Ian Mackay, Ramila Patel, Gurdeep S. Sagoo, Simon J. Ward, Bryan Dechairo, Mark Olavesen, Alisoun Carey, Gordon W. Duff, Michael J. Cork, Rachid Tazi-Ahnini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that affects 0.1%-5% depending on the population. PSORS1 is the major susceptibility locus, accounting for approximately 33%-50% of the genetic component of psoriasis among Caucasians. PSORS1 is located within the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) locus on 6p21.3. Its position has been refined to hundreds of kilobase and the region located at approximately 100-200 kb telomeric to human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-C is a very strong candidate. To determine the MHC psoriasis risk haplotype, we screened the whole 46 kb interval for single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) and identified 138 SNP. We genotyped 29 SNP throughout this region in psoriatic nuclear families. We calculated the frequency of haplotypes generated by the 29 SNP using all genotyped founder individuals and found four common haplotype with frequency >0.10. We then used SNPtagger to derive the best six SNP and fed these into Transmit using 148 nuclear families. We found that CTGGAC haplotype is a single-point score haplotypes telomeric to HLA-C and gives a 1 df, chi2 of 50.27 (p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)545-552
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Investigative Dermatology
Volume124
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPrint publication - 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • High-risk haplotype
  • MHC
  • PSORS1

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