Soil protistology rebooted: 30 fundamental questions to start with

S Geisen, E Mitchell, M Bonkowski, D Wilkinson, S Adl, E Lara, M Brown, AM Fiore-Donno, T Heger, V Jassey, V Krashevska, F Ekelund, D Lahr, OR Anderson, D Bass, L Belbahri, C Berney, Q Blandenier, D Charman, A ChatzinotasM Clarholm, M Dunthorn, A Feest, L Fernandez-Parra, W Foissner, B Fournier, BS Griffiths, M Hajek, J Helder, A Jousset, R Koller, S Kumar, A La Terza, M Lamentowicz, D Singer, K Marcisz, Y Mazei, M Mulot, R Payne, R Ronn, S Santos, C Seppey, A Smirnov, F Spiegel, A Winding, Eleni Gentekaki

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

25 Citations (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Protists are the most diverse eukaryotes. These microbes are keystone organisms of soil ecosystems and regulate essential processes of soil fertility such as nutrient cycling and plant growth. Despite this, protists have received little scientific attention, especially compared to bacteria, fungi and nematodes in soil studies. Recent methodological advances, particularly in molecular biology techniques, have made the study of soil protists more accessible, and have created a resurgence of interest in soil protistology. This ongoing revolution now enables comprehensive investigations of the structure and functioning of soil protist communities, paving the way to a new era in soil biology. Instead of providing an exhaustive review, we provide a synthesis of research gaps that should be prioritized in future studies of soil protistology to guide this rapidly developing research area. Based on a synthesis of expert opinion we propose 30 key questions covering a broad range of topics including evolution, phylogenetics, functional ecology, macroecology, paleoecology, and methodologies. These questions highlight a diversity of topics that will establish soil protistology as a hub discipline connecting different fundamental and applied fields such as ecology, biogeography, evolution, plant-microbe interactions, agronomy, and conservation biology. We are convinced that soil protistology has the potential to be one of the most exciting frontiers in biology.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)94 - 103
Number of pages10
JournalSoil Biology and Biochemistry
Volume111
DOIs
Publication statusFirst published - 13 Apr 2017

Fingerprint

protist
soil
macroecology
ecology
soil ecosystem
agronomy
eukaryote
paleoecology
nutrient cycling
biogeography
soil fertility
nematode
fungus
phylogenetics
bacterium
methodology

Bibliographical note

1030770
1030789

Keywords

  • Biodiversity
  • Food web
  • Functional diversity
  • Microbial interactions
  • Protozoa
  • Soil protists

Cite this

Geisen, S., Mitchell, E., Bonkowski, M., Wilkinson, D., Adl, S., Lara, E., ... Gentekaki, E. (2017). Soil protistology rebooted: 30 fundamental questions to start with. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 111, 94 - 103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2017.04.001
Geisen, S ; Mitchell, E ; Bonkowski, M ; Wilkinson, D ; Adl, S ; Lara, E ; Brown, M ; Fiore-Donno, AM ; Heger, T ; Jassey, V ; Krashevska, V ; Ekelund, F ; Lahr, D ; Anderson, OR ; Bass, D ; Belbahri, L ; Berney, C ; Blandenier, Q ; Charman, D ; Chatzinotas, A ; Clarholm, M ; Dunthorn, M ; Feest, A ; Fernandez-Parra, L ; Foissner, W ; Fournier, B ; Griffiths, BS ; Hajek, M ; Helder, J ; Jousset, A ; Koller, R ; Kumar, S ; La Terza, A ; Lamentowicz, M ; Singer, D ; Marcisz, K ; Mazei, Y ; Mulot, M ; Payne, R ; Ronn, R ; Santos, S ; Seppey, C ; Smirnov, A ; Spiegel, F ; Winding, A ; Gentekaki, Eleni. / Soil protistology rebooted: 30 fundamental questions to start with. In: Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 2017 ; Vol. 111. pp. 94 - 103.
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abstract = "Protists are the most diverse eukaryotes. These microbes are keystone organisms of soil ecosystems and regulate essential processes of soil fertility such as nutrient cycling and plant growth. Despite this, protists have received little scientific attention, especially compared to bacteria, fungi and nematodes in soil studies. Recent methodological advances, particularly in molecular biology techniques, have made the study of soil protists more accessible, and have created a resurgence of interest in soil protistology. This ongoing revolution now enables comprehensive investigations of the structure and functioning of soil protist communities, paving the way to a new era in soil biology. Instead of providing an exhaustive review, we provide a synthesis of research gaps that should be prioritized in future studies of soil protistology to guide this rapidly developing research area. Based on a synthesis of expert opinion we propose 30 key questions covering a broad range of topics including evolution, phylogenetics, functional ecology, macroecology, paleoecology, and methodologies. These questions highlight a diversity of topics that will establish soil protistology as a hub discipline connecting different fundamental and applied fields such as ecology, biogeography, evolution, plant-microbe interactions, agronomy, and conservation biology. We are convinced that soil protistology has the potential to be one of the most exciting frontiers in biology.",
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Geisen, S, Mitchell, E, Bonkowski, M, Wilkinson, D, Adl, S, Lara, E, Brown, M, Fiore-Donno, AM, Heger, T, Jassey, V, Krashevska, V, Ekelund, F, Lahr, D, Anderson, OR, Bass, D, Belbahri, L, Berney, C, Blandenier, Q, Charman, D, Chatzinotas, A, Clarholm, M, Dunthorn, M, Feest, A, Fernandez-Parra, L, Foissner, W, Fournier, B, Griffiths, BS, Hajek, M, Helder, J, Jousset, A, Koller, R, Kumar, S, La Terza, A, Lamentowicz, M, Singer, D, Marcisz, K, Mazei, Y, Mulot, M, Payne, R, Ronn, R, Santos, S, Seppey, C, Smirnov, A, Spiegel, F, Winding, A & Gentekaki, E 2017, 'Soil protistology rebooted: 30 fundamental questions to start with', Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 111, pp. 94 - 103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2017.04.001

Soil protistology rebooted: 30 fundamental questions to start with. / Geisen, S; Mitchell, E; Bonkowski, M; Wilkinson, D; Adl, S; Lara, E; Brown, M; Fiore-Donno, AM; Heger, T; Jassey, V; Krashevska, V; Ekelund, F; Lahr, D; Anderson, OR; Bass, D; Belbahri, L; Berney, C; Blandenier, Q; Charman, D; Chatzinotas, A; Clarholm, M; Dunthorn, M; Feest, A; Fernandez-Parra, L; Foissner, W; Fournier, B; Griffiths, BS; Hajek, M; Helder, J; Jousset, A; Koller, R; Kumar, S; La Terza, A; Lamentowicz, M; Singer, D; Marcisz, K; Mazei, Y; Mulot, M; Payne, R; Ronn, R; Santos, S; Seppey, C; Smirnov, A; Spiegel, F; Winding, A; Gentekaki, Eleni.

In: Soil Biology and Biochemistry, Vol. 111, 13.04.2017, p. 94 - 103.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Soil protistology rebooted: 30 fundamental questions to start with

AU - Geisen, S

AU - Mitchell, E

AU - Bonkowski, M

AU - Wilkinson, D

AU - Adl, S

AU - Lara, E

AU - Brown, M

AU - Fiore-Donno, AM

AU - Heger, T

AU - Jassey, V

AU - Krashevska, V

AU - Ekelund, F

AU - Lahr, D

AU - Anderson, OR

AU - Bass, D

AU - Belbahri, L

AU - Berney, C

AU - Blandenier, Q

AU - Charman, D

AU - Chatzinotas, A

AU - Clarholm, M

AU - Dunthorn, M

AU - Feest, A

AU - Fernandez-Parra, L

AU - Foissner, W

AU - Fournier, B

AU - Griffiths, BS

AU - Hajek, M

AU - Helder, J

AU - Jousset, A

AU - Koller, R

AU - Kumar, S

AU - La Terza, A

AU - Lamentowicz, M

AU - Singer, D

AU - Marcisz, K

AU - Mazei, Y

AU - Mulot, M

AU - Payne, R

AU - Ronn, R

AU - Santos, S

AU - Seppey, C

AU - Smirnov, A

AU - Spiegel, F

AU - Winding, A

AU - Gentekaki, Eleni

N1 - 1030770 1030789

PY - 2017/4/13

Y1 - 2017/4/13

N2 - Protists are the most diverse eukaryotes. These microbes are keystone organisms of soil ecosystems and regulate essential processes of soil fertility such as nutrient cycling and plant growth. Despite this, protists have received little scientific attention, especially compared to bacteria, fungi and nematodes in soil studies. Recent methodological advances, particularly in molecular biology techniques, have made the study of soil protists more accessible, and have created a resurgence of interest in soil protistology. This ongoing revolution now enables comprehensive investigations of the structure and functioning of soil protist communities, paving the way to a new era in soil biology. Instead of providing an exhaustive review, we provide a synthesis of research gaps that should be prioritized in future studies of soil protistology to guide this rapidly developing research area. Based on a synthesis of expert opinion we propose 30 key questions covering a broad range of topics including evolution, phylogenetics, functional ecology, macroecology, paleoecology, and methodologies. These questions highlight a diversity of topics that will establish soil protistology as a hub discipline connecting different fundamental and applied fields such as ecology, biogeography, evolution, plant-microbe interactions, agronomy, and conservation biology. We are convinced that soil protistology has the potential to be one of the most exciting frontiers in biology.

AB - Protists are the most diverse eukaryotes. These microbes are keystone organisms of soil ecosystems and regulate essential processes of soil fertility such as nutrient cycling and plant growth. Despite this, protists have received little scientific attention, especially compared to bacteria, fungi and nematodes in soil studies. Recent methodological advances, particularly in molecular biology techniques, have made the study of soil protists more accessible, and have created a resurgence of interest in soil protistology. This ongoing revolution now enables comprehensive investigations of the structure and functioning of soil protist communities, paving the way to a new era in soil biology. Instead of providing an exhaustive review, we provide a synthesis of research gaps that should be prioritized in future studies of soil protistology to guide this rapidly developing research area. Based on a synthesis of expert opinion we propose 30 key questions covering a broad range of topics including evolution, phylogenetics, functional ecology, macroecology, paleoecology, and methodologies. These questions highlight a diversity of topics that will establish soil protistology as a hub discipline connecting different fundamental and applied fields such as ecology, biogeography, evolution, plant-microbe interactions, agronomy, and conservation biology. We are convinced that soil protistology has the potential to be one of the most exciting frontiers in biology.

KW - Biodiversity

KW - Food web

KW - Functional diversity

KW - Microbial interactions

KW - Protozoa

KW - Soil protists

U2 - 10.1016/j.soilbio.2017.04.001

DO - 10.1016/j.soilbio.2017.04.001

M3 - Review article

VL - 111

SP - 94

EP - 103

JO - Soil Biology and Biochemistry

JF - Soil Biology and Biochemistry

SN - 0038-0717

ER -

Geisen S, Mitchell E, Bonkowski M, Wilkinson D, Adl S, Lara E et al. Soil protistology rebooted: 30 fundamental questions to start with. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 2017 Apr 13;111:94 - 103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2017.04.001