Results are given of a survey of the readily soluble sulphate content and of the total sulphur content of soils of various categories. These results have been correlated with the results of ‘routine’ analytical determinations. The close relationship found to exist between pC and readily soluble sulphate stresses the importance of the sulphate ion in the physico‐chemical equilibrium of soil. Published results of other workers are reviewed, and comparisons drawn with the results obtained in the present survey. A deficiency of sulphur is considered unlikely in plants growing on the soils included in the present survey, although in a few cases the readily soluble sulphate content may be approaching a deficiency level.