Survey of dry cow management on UK commercial dairy farms

Mayumi Fujiwara*, Marie J Haskell, Alastair I Macrae, Kenneth MD Rutherford

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dry period management of the dairy cow focuses on maximising milk production during the subsequent lactation but may include procedures that negatively affect dry cow health and welfare. A survey of dairy farmers in the UK was conducted to investigate dry cow management procedures. The questionnaire was completed by 148 farmers. Most farms (84 per cent) kept dry cows in dynamic social groups. The median length of the dry period was 56 days, and 83 per cent of farms stopped milking abruptly, regardless of milk production level at dry-off. Twenty-seven per cent of cows from respondent farms produced more than 20 kg of milk per day at dry-off. The majority of farms (78 per cent) used antibiotic dry cow intramammary tubes at dry-off, in combination with internal or external teat sealants. Procedures that were commonly practised and potentially stressful for dry cows included abrupt cessation of milking of high yielding cows and frequent changes in diet and social environment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number297
Number of pages8
JournalVeterinary Record
Volume183
Issue number9
Early online date15 Jun 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPrint publication - 7 Sep 2018

Fingerprint

dairy farming
cows
Milk
dry period (lactation)
farms
Social Environment
milking
Lactation
milk production
farmers
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Diet
social environment
teats
Farms
Surveys and Questionnaires
Health
dairies
questionnaires
dairy cows

Bibliographical note

© British Veterinary Association

Keywords

  • Dry cow management
  • Dry-off procedure
  • Feeding
  • Grouping strategy
  • Housing systems
  • Stress

Cite this

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title = "Survey of dry cow management on UK commercial dairy farms",
abstract = "Dry period management of the dairy cow focuses on maximising milk production during the subsequent lactation but may include procedures that negatively affect dry cow health and welfare. A survey of dairy farmers in the UK was conducted to investigate dry cow management procedures. The questionnaire was completed by 148 farmers. Most farms (84 per cent) kept dry cows in dynamic social groups. The median length of the dry period was 56 days, and 83 per cent of farms stopped milking abruptly, regardless of milk production level at dry-off. Twenty-seven per cent of cows from respondent farms produced more than 20 kg of milk per day at dry-off. The majority of farms (78 per cent) used antibiotic dry cow intramammary tubes at dry-off, in combination with internal or external teat sealants. Procedures that were commonly practised and potentially stressful for dry cows included abrupt cessation of milking of high yielding cows and frequent changes in diet and social environment.",
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Survey of dry cow management on UK commercial dairy farms. / Fujiwara, Mayumi; Haskell, Marie J; Macrae, Alastair I; Rutherford, Kenneth MD.

In: Veterinary Record, Vol. 183, No. 9, 297, 07.09.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Survey of dry cow management on UK commercial dairy farms

AU - Fujiwara, Mayumi

AU - Haskell, Marie J

AU - Macrae, Alastair I

AU - Rutherford, Kenneth MD

N1 - © British Veterinary Association

PY - 2018/9/7

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AB - Dry period management of the dairy cow focuses on maximising milk production during the subsequent lactation but may include procedures that negatively affect dry cow health and welfare. A survey of dairy farmers in the UK was conducted to investigate dry cow management procedures. The questionnaire was completed by 148 farmers. Most farms (84 per cent) kept dry cows in dynamic social groups. The median length of the dry period was 56 days, and 83 per cent of farms stopped milking abruptly, regardless of milk production level at dry-off. Twenty-seven per cent of cows from respondent farms produced more than 20 kg of milk per day at dry-off. The majority of farms (78 per cent) used antibiotic dry cow intramammary tubes at dry-off, in combination with internal or external teat sealants. Procedures that were commonly practised and potentially stressful for dry cows included abrupt cessation of milking of high yielding cows and frequent changes in diet and social environment.

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