Sustainable Nanoparticles from Stephania glabra and Analysis of Their Anticancer Potential on 2D and 3D Models of Prostate Cancer

Prachi Vaid, Adesh K. Saini, Raju Kumar Gupta, Eshu Singhal Sinha, Deepak Sharma, Walaa F. Alsanie, Vijay Kumar Thakur, Reena V. Saini*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In pursuit of a novel effective treatment for prostate cancer, methanolic extract of Stephania glabra tubers (Sg-ME) was utilized to fabricate silver (Sg-AgNP), copper oxide (Sg-CuONP), and silver-copper bimetallic nanoparticles (Sg-BNP). The characterization of the nanoparticles confirmed spherical shape with average diameters of 30.72, 32.19, and 25.59 nm of Sg-AgNP, Sg-CuONP, and Sg-BNP, respectively. Interestingly, these nanoparticles exhibited significant cytotoxicity toward the prostate cancer (PC3) cell line while being non-toxic toward normal cells. The nanoparticles were capable of inducing apoptosis in PC3 cells by enhancing reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and mitochondrial depolarization. Furthermore, the shrinkage of 3D prostate tumor spheroids was observed after 4 days of treatment with these green nanoparticles. The 3D model system was less susceptible to nanoparticles as compared to the 2D model system. Sg-BNP showed the highest anticancer potential on 2D and 3D prostate cancer models.

Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Early online date8 Sept 2023
DOIs
Publication statusFirst published - 8 Sept 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

Keywords

  • 3D tumor model
  • Apoptosis
  • Bimetallic nanoparticles
  • Copper oxide nanoparticles
  • Prostate cancer
  • Silver nanoparticles
  • Stephania glabra

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