Synthesis and Characterization of Novel Fe 3 O 4 /PVA/Eggshell Hybrid Nanocomposite for Photodegradation and Antibacterial Activity

Piyush Kumar Gupta*, Senthilkumar Palanisamy*, Tamilarasi Gopal, Ranjithkumar Rajamani, Soumya Pandit, Somya Sinha, Vijay Kumar Thakur*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalShort communication peer-review

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Abstract

In the 21st century, hybrid nanocomposites were widely used in bioelectronic, biosensing, photocatalytic, and biomedical applications. In the present study, we fabricated a novel Fe3O4/PVA/Eggshell hybrid nanocomposite and physicochemically characterized it using powder XRD, EDS, FTIR, VSM, and HR-TEM analysis. The XRD spectrum revealed the crystalline and FCC configuration of Fe3O4 NPs with average crystal size of 16.28 nm, and the HRTEM image indicates the prepared hybrid nanocomposite is of spherical shape with less agglomeration. This hybrid nanocomposite showed a significant photodegradation property in degrading organic pollutants such as congo red and crystal violet dyes under the sunlight irradiation. In addition, the hybrid nanocomposite also displayed a potent antibacterial property against different Gram +ve and Gram −ve bacterial pathogens. This study provides a significant example in the overview of fabrication of cost effectively, eco-friendly, and multiple-application hybrid nanocomposites through eggshell membrane fibers.
Original languageEnglish
Article number267
JournalJournal of Composites Science
Volume5
Issue number10
Early online date12 Oct 2021
DOIs
Publication statusFirst published - 12 Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Antibacterial
  • Eggshell
  • Metal nanoparticles
  • Nanocomposite
  • Photodegradation
  • Polyvinyl alcohol

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