Owing to biocompatibility, abundance, and low cost, magnetic iron oxides are well suited for the design of efficient and magnetically separable photocatalysts for water treatment. This review presents a detailed survey of magnetic iron oxide–integrated photocatalysts (MIOIPs), in which we have discussed essential conditions needed for designing of efficient MIOIPs for water purification. The synthesis methods and detailed experimental setups for fabrication of MIOIPs were discussed, and the integration manners of iron oxides (Fe2O3, Fe3O4, FeO, and ferrites) with binary, ternary, and quaternary non-magnetic photocatalysts have been categorized. The mechanistic view of enhanced photocatalytic activity caused by different MIOIPs under various light sources was also elaborately argued. The role of various reactive species in photocatalytic oxidative degrading of organic pollutants was investigated. Altogether, this review article has compressively considered and discussed various signs of advancements made toward the synthesis of MIOIPs and their stability, recyclability, and catalytic efficacy for wastewater treatment.
- Enhanced photocatalytic activity
- Integrated photocatalysts
- Magnetic iron oxides
- Quick recovery of photocatalysts
- Wastewater remediation