The application of food safety interventions in primary production of beef and lamb: a review

K Adam, F Brulisauer

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


The production of safe red meat depends on effective control of pathogenic microorganisms at all stages of the “farm-to-fork” chain. Eight microorganisms have been selected as the focus of the PathogenCombat project: Shiga toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC), Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (Map), Listeria monocytogenes, Campylobacter jejuni, Penicillium nordicum, invasive variants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, hepatitis E virus and tick borne encephalitis virus. The need and potential for coordinated control of the selected food-borne pathogens by on-farm interventions is assessed using a decision tree and a review of the relevant scientific literature. Control measures to reduce the carriage of these pathogens in ruminants prior to slaughter are reviewed with reference to the current regulations and guidelines relating to the primary production. From the eight pathogens investigated, two (STEC and Map), are likely to be effectively controlled by interventions at farm level and the applicable interventions are described and discussed. Ruminants are the main reservoir for these two pathogens; hence a reduction of carriage in livestock should directly reduce human exposure through the consumption of beef and lamb. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S43 - S52
JournalInternational Journal of Food Microbiology
Publication statusFirst published - 2010

Bibliographical note



  • Food-borne pathogens
  • On-farm intervention
  • Decision support
  • STEC
  • Map


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