The association of weather and bathing water quality on the incidence of gastrointestinal illness in the west of Scotland

J. I. Eze, E. M. Scott, K. G. Pollock, R. Stidson, C. A. Miller, D. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The associations with weather and bathing water quality on infectious intestinal disease (IID) were investigated using data from two Scottish NHS Board areas. Monthly counts of viral and non-viral gastrointestinal infections were modelled as a smooth function of temperature, relative humidity and average monthly counts of faecal indicator organisms, respectively, adjusting for season and long-term trend effects. Strong seasonal patterns were observed for each group of pathogens. Peak viral gastrointestinal infection was in May while that of non-viral gastrointestinal infections was in July. A statistically significant negative association existed between weather (temperature and humidity) and viral infection. Average levels of non-viral gastrointestinal infections increased as temperature and relative humidity increased. Increasing levels of faecal indicator organisms in bathing waters were also associated with an increase in the average number of viral and non-viral gastrointestinal infections at the ecological level. Future climate change and prolonged precipitation events may result in increasing levels of faecal indicator organisms in bathing waters leading to likely increases in IIDs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1289-1299
Number of pages11
JournalEpidemiology and Infection
Volume142
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPrint publication - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

bathing water
weather
water quality
relative humidity
temperature
infectious disease
infection
humidity
pathogen
climate change
organism
indicator

Keywords

  • Faecal indicators
  • gastrointestinal infection
  • humidity
  • pathogens
  • temperature

Cite this

Eze, J. I. ; Scott, E. M. ; Pollock, K. G. ; Stidson, R. ; Miller, C. A. ; Lee, D. / The association of weather and bathing water quality on the incidence of gastrointestinal illness in the west of Scotland. In: Epidemiology and Infection. 2014 ; Vol. 142, No. 6. pp. 1289-1299.
@article{4c7eaafa7fcd432a9e1c33908aa9c041,
title = "The association of weather and bathing water quality on the incidence of gastrointestinal illness in the west of Scotland",
abstract = "The associations with weather and bathing water quality on infectious intestinal disease (IID) were investigated using data from two Scottish NHS Board areas. Monthly counts of viral and non-viral gastrointestinal infections were modelled as a smooth function of temperature, relative humidity and average monthly counts of faecal indicator organisms, respectively, adjusting for season and long-term trend effects. Strong seasonal patterns were observed for each group of pathogens. Peak viral gastrointestinal infection was in May while that of non-viral gastrointestinal infections was in July. A statistically significant negative association existed between weather (temperature and humidity) and viral infection. Average levels of non-viral gastrointestinal infections increased as temperature and relative humidity increased. Increasing levels of faecal indicator organisms in bathing waters were also associated with an increase in the average number of viral and non-viral gastrointestinal infections at the ecological level. Future climate change and prolonged precipitation events may result in increasing levels of faecal indicator organisms in bathing waters leading to likely increases in IIDs.",
keywords = "Faecal indicators, gastrointestinal infection, humidity, pathogens, temperature",
author = "Eze, {J. I.} and Scott, {E. M.} and Pollock, {K. G.} and R. Stidson and Miller, {C. A.} and D. Lee",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1017/S0950268813002148",
language = "English",
volume = "142",
pages = "1289--1299",
journal = "Epidemiology and Infection",
issn = "0950-2688",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "6",

}

The association of weather and bathing water quality on the incidence of gastrointestinal illness in the west of Scotland. / Eze, J. I.; Scott, E. M.; Pollock, K. G.; Stidson, R.; Miller, C. A.; Lee, D.

In: Epidemiology and Infection, Vol. 142, No. 6, 2014, p. 1289-1299.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The association of weather and bathing water quality on the incidence of gastrointestinal illness in the west of Scotland

AU - Eze, J. I.

AU - Scott, E. M.

AU - Pollock, K. G.

AU - Stidson, R.

AU - Miller, C. A.

AU - Lee, D.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - The associations with weather and bathing water quality on infectious intestinal disease (IID) were investigated using data from two Scottish NHS Board areas. Monthly counts of viral and non-viral gastrointestinal infections were modelled as a smooth function of temperature, relative humidity and average monthly counts of faecal indicator organisms, respectively, adjusting for season and long-term trend effects. Strong seasonal patterns were observed for each group of pathogens. Peak viral gastrointestinal infection was in May while that of non-viral gastrointestinal infections was in July. A statistically significant negative association existed between weather (temperature and humidity) and viral infection. Average levels of non-viral gastrointestinal infections increased as temperature and relative humidity increased. Increasing levels of faecal indicator organisms in bathing waters were also associated with an increase in the average number of viral and non-viral gastrointestinal infections at the ecological level. Future climate change and prolonged precipitation events may result in increasing levels of faecal indicator organisms in bathing waters leading to likely increases in IIDs.

AB - The associations with weather and bathing water quality on infectious intestinal disease (IID) were investigated using data from two Scottish NHS Board areas. Monthly counts of viral and non-viral gastrointestinal infections were modelled as a smooth function of temperature, relative humidity and average monthly counts of faecal indicator organisms, respectively, adjusting for season and long-term trend effects. Strong seasonal patterns were observed for each group of pathogens. Peak viral gastrointestinal infection was in May while that of non-viral gastrointestinal infections was in July. A statistically significant negative association existed between weather (temperature and humidity) and viral infection. Average levels of non-viral gastrointestinal infections increased as temperature and relative humidity increased. Increasing levels of faecal indicator organisms in bathing waters were also associated with an increase in the average number of viral and non-viral gastrointestinal infections at the ecological level. Future climate change and prolonged precipitation events may result in increasing levels of faecal indicator organisms in bathing waters leading to likely increases in IIDs.

KW - Faecal indicators

KW - gastrointestinal infection

KW - humidity

KW - pathogens

KW - temperature

U2 - 10.1017/S0950268813002148

DO - 10.1017/S0950268813002148

M3 - Article

VL - 142

SP - 1289

EP - 1299

JO - Epidemiology and Infection

JF - Epidemiology and Infection

SN - 0950-2688

IS - 6

ER -