The Biology of Legumes and Their Agronomic, Economic, and Social Impact: Economic impact of legume

Marta Vasconcelos, Michael Grusak, Elisabete Pinto, Ana Gomes, Helena Ferreira, Balint Balazs, Tiziana Centofanti, Georgia Ntatsi, Dimitrios Savvas, Anestis Karkanis, Michael Williams, Albert Vandenberg, L Toma*, S Shrestha, F Akaichi, Christine Ore Barrios, Sabine Gruber, Euan K. James, Marta Maluk, Alison KarleyPete Iannetta

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Intensive agriculture and meat-based westernized diets have brought a heavy environmental burden to the planet. Legumes, or pulses, are members of the large Fabaceae (Leguminosae) family, which comprise about 5% of all plant species. They are ancient crops whose popularity both for farmers and consumers has gone through several stages of acceptance, and in recent years, legumes have regained their luster. This is due to a global understanding that: (1) farming systems need to promote biodiversity, (2) biological nitrogen fixation is an important tool to reduce the application of external chemical inputs, namely in the form of nitrogen fertilizers, and that (3) plant-based foods have fewer adverse environmental effects per unit weight, per serving, per unit of energy, or per protein weight than do animal source foods, across various environmental indicators. Legumes play a key role in answering these three global challenges and are pivotal actors in the diversification and sustainable intensification of agriculture, particularly in light of new and urgent challenges such as climate change. In this chapter, we showcase the importance of legumes as contemporary agents of change, whose impacts start in the field, but then branch out into competitive global economies, modernized societies, and ultimately, improved food security and human health.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Plant Family Fabaceae
Subtitle of host publicationBiology and Physiological Responses to Environmental Stresses
EditorsMirza Hasanuzzaman, Susana Arujo, Sarvajeet Singh Gill
Place of PublicationSingapore
PublisherSpringer
Chapter1
Pages3-25
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)978-981-15-4752-2
ISBN (Print)978-981-15-4751-5
DOIs
Publication statusFirst published - 2 Jul 2020

Keywords

  • legume
  • economics
  • economic impact
  • legume trade
  • Mycorrhizas
  • Symbiosis
  • Climate change impacts
  • Legumes
  • Oxidative stress
  • Abiotic stress tolerance
  • Molecular breeding
  • Oil crops
  • Genome wide studies
  • Salinity
  • Crop improvement. Phytoremediation
  • Genetic engineering

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