Small Gram negative coccobacilli isolated from seals, porpoises, dolphins and from an otter road casualty were identified as Brucellae by their colonial and cell morphology, staining characteristics, biochemical activity, agglutination by monospecific antisera and susceptibility to lysis by Brucella specific bacteriophage. Their characterisation, including metabolic profiles, is described. These strains could not be assigned to recognised nomen species of the genus Brucella and it is suggested that they comprise a new nomen species to be called B. maris (sp. nov., type strain 2/94). It is further suggested the nomen species be subdivided into three biovars corresponding to their CO2 requirement, metabolic activity on galactose, dominant antigen and animal host.
- Brucella sp.
- Marine mammals