The effect of dietary fat and metabolizable energy supply on milk protein concentration of dairy cows

JM Moorby, RJ Dewhurst, C Thomas, S Marsden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To investigate the effect of dietary fat and metabolizable energy (ME) on milk protein concentration, an experiment was carried out using 12 multiparous early-lactation Holstein-Friesian dairy cows. Three diets were offered in a complete Latin-square change-over design, based on ad libitum access to grass silage. One of three concentrates was offered at a rate of 12 kg/day, each formulated to supply one of two levels of ME (12·1 and 13·6 MJ/kg dry matter (DM)) and one of two levels of fat (31 and a mean of 88 g acid hydrolysis ether extract per kg DM): low energy, high fat (LEHF); low energy, low fat (LELF); and high energy, high fat (HEHF). The concentration of milk protein was significantly higher from animals offered the LELF concentrate (32·5 v. a mean of 31·2 (s.e.d. 0·45) g/kg, P < 0·05), because of lower milk yields (31·0 v. a mean of 33·4 (s.e.d. 0·63) kg/day, P < 0·05). Animals offered the HEHF concentrate produced the highest yields of milk protein but their milk had the lowest concentrations of fat (32·5,34·4 and 31·9 g/kg for LEHF, LELF and HEHF respectively; s.e.d 1·07; P < 0·05 for difference between LELF and HEHF). Silage DM intake was significantly increased by animals offered the LEHF concentrate (9·1, 8·6 and 8·7 (s.e.d. 0·19) kg/day, P < 0·05 for differences between LEHF and the other two concentrates). Urinary purine derivative excretion, used as an index ofmicrobial protein supply, was highest from animals offered the LELF and HEHF concentrates, which both supplied similar amounts of fermentable ME. It is hypothesized that increased de novo synthesis offatty acids on the low fat diet reduced the availability of glucose for lactose synthesis, leading to reduced milk yields and hence increased milk protein concentrations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
JournalAnimal Science
Volume67
Issue number1
Publication statusPrint publication - Aug 1998

Fingerprint

dairy protein
metabolizable energy
dietary fat
dairy cows
lipids
energy
concentrates
milk yield
animals
synthesis
milk protein yield
low fat diet
grass silage
acid hydrolysis
early lactation
purines
silage
dry matter intake
lactose
ethers

Keywords

  • Dairy cows
  • Dietary fat
  • Metabolisable energy
  • Milk production
  • Milk protein

Cite this

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title = "The effect of dietary fat and metabolizable energy supply on milk protein concentration of dairy cows",
abstract = "To investigate the effect of dietary fat and metabolizable energy (ME) on milk protein concentration, an experiment was carried out using 12 multiparous early-lactation Holstein-Friesian dairy cows. Three diets were offered in a complete Latin-square change-over design, based on ad libitum access to grass silage. One of three concentrates was offered at a rate of 12 kg/day, each formulated to supply one of two levels of ME (12·1 and 13·6 MJ/kg dry matter (DM)) and one of two levels of fat (31 and a mean of 88 g acid hydrolysis ether extract per kg DM): low energy, high fat (LEHF); low energy, low fat (LELF); and high energy, high fat (HEHF). The concentration of milk protein was significantly higher from animals offered the LELF concentrate (32·5 v. a mean of 31·2 (s.e.d. 0·45) g/kg, P < 0·05), because of lower milk yields (31·0 v. a mean of 33·4 (s.e.d. 0·63) kg/day, P < 0·05). Animals offered the HEHF concentrate produced the highest yields of milk protein but their milk had the lowest concentrations of fat (32·5,34·4 and 31·9 g/kg for LEHF, LELF and HEHF respectively; s.e.d 1·07; P < 0·05 for difference between LELF and HEHF). Silage DM intake was significantly increased by animals offered the LEHF concentrate (9·1, 8·6 and 8·7 (s.e.d. 0·19) kg/day, P < 0·05 for differences between LEHF and the other two concentrates). Urinary purine derivative excretion, used as an index ofmicrobial protein supply, was highest from animals offered the LELF and HEHF concentrates, which both supplied similar amounts of fermentable ME. It is hypothesized that increased de novo synthesis offatty acids on the low fat diet reduced the availability of glucose for lactose synthesis, leading to reduced milk yields and hence increased milk protein concentrations.",
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author = "JM Moorby and RJ Dewhurst and C Thomas and S Marsden",
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The effect of dietary fat and metabolizable energy supply on milk protein concentration of dairy cows. / Moorby, JM; Dewhurst, RJ; Thomas, C; Marsden, S.

In: Animal Science, Vol. 67, No. 1, 08.1998, p. 1-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of dietary fat and metabolizable energy supply on milk protein concentration of dairy cows

AU - Moorby, JM

AU - Dewhurst, RJ

AU - Thomas, C

AU - Marsden, S

PY - 1998/8

Y1 - 1998/8

N2 - To investigate the effect of dietary fat and metabolizable energy (ME) on milk protein concentration, an experiment was carried out using 12 multiparous early-lactation Holstein-Friesian dairy cows. Three diets were offered in a complete Latin-square change-over design, based on ad libitum access to grass silage. One of three concentrates was offered at a rate of 12 kg/day, each formulated to supply one of two levels of ME (12·1 and 13·6 MJ/kg dry matter (DM)) and one of two levels of fat (31 and a mean of 88 g acid hydrolysis ether extract per kg DM): low energy, high fat (LEHF); low energy, low fat (LELF); and high energy, high fat (HEHF). The concentration of milk protein was significantly higher from animals offered the LELF concentrate (32·5 v. a mean of 31·2 (s.e.d. 0·45) g/kg, P < 0·05), because of lower milk yields (31·0 v. a mean of 33·4 (s.e.d. 0·63) kg/day, P < 0·05). Animals offered the HEHF concentrate produced the highest yields of milk protein but their milk had the lowest concentrations of fat (32·5,34·4 and 31·9 g/kg for LEHF, LELF and HEHF respectively; s.e.d 1·07; P < 0·05 for difference between LELF and HEHF). Silage DM intake was significantly increased by animals offered the LEHF concentrate (9·1, 8·6 and 8·7 (s.e.d. 0·19) kg/day, P < 0·05 for differences between LEHF and the other two concentrates). Urinary purine derivative excretion, used as an index ofmicrobial protein supply, was highest from animals offered the LELF and HEHF concentrates, which both supplied similar amounts of fermentable ME. It is hypothesized that increased de novo synthesis offatty acids on the low fat diet reduced the availability of glucose for lactose synthesis, leading to reduced milk yields and hence increased milk protein concentrations.

AB - To investigate the effect of dietary fat and metabolizable energy (ME) on milk protein concentration, an experiment was carried out using 12 multiparous early-lactation Holstein-Friesian dairy cows. Three diets were offered in a complete Latin-square change-over design, based on ad libitum access to grass silage. One of three concentrates was offered at a rate of 12 kg/day, each formulated to supply one of two levels of ME (12·1 and 13·6 MJ/kg dry matter (DM)) and one of two levels of fat (31 and a mean of 88 g acid hydrolysis ether extract per kg DM): low energy, high fat (LEHF); low energy, low fat (LELF); and high energy, high fat (HEHF). The concentration of milk protein was significantly higher from animals offered the LELF concentrate (32·5 v. a mean of 31·2 (s.e.d. 0·45) g/kg, P < 0·05), because of lower milk yields (31·0 v. a mean of 33·4 (s.e.d. 0·63) kg/day, P < 0·05). Animals offered the HEHF concentrate produced the highest yields of milk protein but their milk had the lowest concentrations of fat (32·5,34·4 and 31·9 g/kg for LEHF, LELF and HEHF respectively; s.e.d 1·07; P < 0·05 for difference between LELF and HEHF). Silage DM intake was significantly increased by animals offered the LEHF concentrate (9·1, 8·6 and 8·7 (s.e.d. 0·19) kg/day, P < 0·05 for differences between LEHF and the other two concentrates). Urinary purine derivative excretion, used as an index ofmicrobial protein supply, was highest from animals offered the LELF and HEHF concentrates, which both supplied similar amounts of fermentable ME. It is hypothesized that increased de novo synthesis offatty acids on the low fat diet reduced the availability of glucose for lactose synthesis, leading to reduced milk yields and hence increased milk protein concentrations.

KW - Dairy cows

KW - Dietary fat

KW - Metabolisable energy

KW - Milk production

KW - Milk protein

UR - https://doi.org/10.1017/S1357729800009735

M3 - Article

VL - 67

SP - 1

EP - 8

JO - Animal Science

JF - Animal Science

IS - 1

ER -