The effect of rice husk biochar on soil nutrient status, microbial biomass and paddy productivity of nutrient poor agriculture soils

Chhatarpal Singh, Shashank Tiwari, Vijai Kumar Gupta, Jay Shankar Singh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The study related to the effects of rice husk biochar (RHB) application on soil microbial aspects and paddy productivity in field condition is scare. Therefore, present study provides fresh insight into the effects of RHB on rice production in field conditions, with some updated information on soil microbial aspects. To study the impact of RHB and CSR-BIO (commercialized bio-formulation), on soil physico-chemical properties, soil microbial biomass (SMB) quantity and paddy productivity, four treatments were set up: control, RHB, CSR-BIO and RHB + CSR-BIO. The RHB with CSR-BIO both the amendments were applied at a rate of 10 t ha−1. Across treatments, the water holding capacity, total -C, -N, -P concentrations and soil moisture content were statistically higher in RHB and CSR-BIO treated soils over the control. The highest SMB-C, -N and -P (408.66 ± 0.57, 83.33 ± 2.08 and 25.66 ± 1.52 μg g−1 dry soil, respectively) was recorded in RHB + CSR-BIO treated soil. Across the sampling dates, SMB-C, -N, -P and inorganic-N (ammonium- and nitrate-N) concentrations were minimum on 35 day after transplantation (DAT) (tillering stage-active growth period), and maximum on 105 DAT (maturity stage). The paddy plant growth variables (panicle length, tiller number, rice grain and paddy straw yields) were found higher in treated plots compared to untreated (control) plots, and varied significantly (P ≤ 0.001) due to treatments. Among the various selected paddy agronomic variables, the application of RHB and CSR-BIO treatment was more pronounced to the yield of rice grains. Results indicate that an increase in the quantity of SMB due to RHB + CSR-BIO addition, improves the soil nutrient status and hence, paddy productivity in nutrient poor agriculture soils. It is suggested that RHB generation from rice husk biochar could be a sustainable crop residues waste management option to enhance the nutrient status, microbial biomass and paddy productivity of disturbed agriculture soils.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)485-493
Number of pages9
JournalCatena
Volume171
Early online date3 Aug 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPrint publication - Dec 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ammonium-N
  • Nutrient poor soil
  • Paddy
  • Rice husk biochar
  • Soil microbial biomass

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