The first discovery of Tc1 transposons in yeast

Jia Chang, Guangyou Duan, Wenjing Wei, Tung On Yau, Chang Liu, Jianlin Cui, Huaijun Xue, Wenjun Bu, Yanping Hu, Shan Gao

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Background: Identification of transposons without close homologs is still a difficult task. IS630/Tc1/mariner transposons, classified into a superfamily, are probably the most widespread DNA transposons in nature. Tc1/mariner transposons have been discovered in animals, plants, and filamentous fungi, however, not in yeast.

Results: In the present study, we report the discovery of two intact Tc1 transposons in yeast and filamentous fungi, respectively. The first one, named Tc1-OP1 (DD40E), represents Tc1 transposons in Ogataea parapolymorpha. The second one, named Tc1-MP1 (DD34E), represents Tc1 transposons in the Rhizopodaceae and Mucoraceae families. As a homolog of Tc1-OP1 and Tc1-MP1, IS630-AB1 (DD34E) was discovered as an IS630 transposon in Acinetobacter spp.

Conclusion: Tc1-OP1 is not only the first reported Tc1 transposon in yeast, but also the first reported nonclassical Tc1 transposon. Tc1-OP1 is the largest of IS630/Tc1/mariner transposons reported to date and significantly different from others. Notably, Tc1-OP1 encodes a serine-rich domain and a transposase, extending the current knowledge of Tc1 transposons. The phylogenetic relationships of Tc1-OP1, Tc1-MP1 and IS630-AB1 indicated that these transposons had evolved from a common ancestor. Tc1-OP1, Tc1-MP1 and IS630-AB1 can be used as reference sequences to facilitate the identification of IS630/Tc1/mariner transposons. More Tc1/mariner transposons will be identified in yeast, following our discovery.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1141495
JournalFrontiers in Microbiology
Early online date16 Feb 2023
Publication statusFirst published - 16 Feb 2023


  • methylotrophic yeast
  • transposase
  • long terminal repeat
  • terminal inverted repeat
  • IS630


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