The need for a quantitative assessment of animal welfare trade-offs in climate change mitigation scenarios

P Llonch, AB Lawrence, MJ Haskell, I Blanco-Penedo, SP Turner

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

The global livestock sector accounts for a substantial share of anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and is one of the most important causes of climate change. Methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) are GHGs produced through enteric fermentation and manure volatilization that have 25- and 298-fold global warming potential, respectively, in CO2 equivalents. Considering the relevance of the livestock sector for GHG emissions, it is now playing a major role in the mitigation effort. Recent literature highlights different strategies to reduce GHG emissions. The main direct strategies proposed are enteric CH4 mitigation practices for ruminants and manure mitigation practices for both ruminant and monogastric species. In light of further changes in livestock systems to tackle climate change, it is important to identify and describe potential side effects. Particular attention should be given to the risks of any unintended impact on the animals’ health and welfare.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9 - 11
JournalAdvances in Animal Biosciences
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusFirst published - 2015

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animal welfare
greenhouse gas
manure
mitigation
climate change
ruminant
volatilization
nitrous oxide
fermentation
livestock
global warming
methane
fold
climate change mitigation
need

Bibliographical note

1026664

Keywords

  • Animal welfare
  • GHG mitigation
  • Sustainable production

Cite this

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abstract = "The global livestock sector accounts for a substantial share of anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and is one of the most important causes of climate change. Methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) are GHGs produced through enteric fermentation and manure volatilization that have 25- and 298-fold global warming potential, respectively, in CO2 equivalents. Considering the relevance of the livestock sector for GHG emissions, it is now playing a major role in the mitigation effort. Recent literature highlights different strategies to reduce GHG emissions. The main direct strategies proposed are enteric CH4 mitigation practices for ruminants and manure mitigation practices for both ruminant and monogastric species. In light of further changes in livestock systems to tackle climate change, it is important to identify and describe potential side effects. Particular attention should be given to the risks of any unintended impact on the animals’ health and welfare.",
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The need for a quantitative assessment of animal welfare trade-offs in climate change mitigation scenarios. / Llonch, P; Lawrence, AB; Haskell, MJ; Blanco-Penedo, I; Turner, SP.

In: Advances in Animal Biosciences, Vol. 6, No. 1, 2015, p. 9 - 11.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - The need for a quantitative assessment of animal welfare trade-offs in climate change mitigation scenarios

AU - Llonch, P

AU - Lawrence, AB

AU - Haskell, MJ

AU - Blanco-Penedo, I

AU - Turner, SP

N1 - 1026664

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - The global livestock sector accounts for a substantial share of anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and is one of the most important causes of climate change. Methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) are GHGs produced through enteric fermentation and manure volatilization that have 25- and 298-fold global warming potential, respectively, in CO2 equivalents. Considering the relevance of the livestock sector for GHG emissions, it is now playing a major role in the mitigation effort. Recent literature highlights different strategies to reduce GHG emissions. The main direct strategies proposed are enteric CH4 mitigation practices for ruminants and manure mitigation practices for both ruminant and monogastric species. In light of further changes in livestock systems to tackle climate change, it is important to identify and describe potential side effects. Particular attention should be given to the risks of any unintended impact on the animals’ health and welfare.

AB - The global livestock sector accounts for a substantial share of anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and is one of the most important causes of climate change. Methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) are GHGs produced through enteric fermentation and manure volatilization that have 25- and 298-fold global warming potential, respectively, in CO2 equivalents. Considering the relevance of the livestock sector for GHG emissions, it is now playing a major role in the mitigation effort. Recent literature highlights different strategies to reduce GHG emissions. The main direct strategies proposed are enteric CH4 mitigation practices for ruminants and manure mitigation practices for both ruminant and monogastric species. In light of further changes in livestock systems to tackle climate change, it is important to identify and describe potential side effects. Particular attention should be given to the risks of any unintended impact on the animals’ health and welfare.

KW - Animal welfare

KW - GHG mitigation

KW - Sustainable production

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DO - 10.1017/S2040470014000405

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JO - Advances in Animal Biosciences

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SN - 2040-4700

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