The role of forest genetic resources in responding to biotic and abiotic factors in the context of anthropogenic climate change

René I. Alfaro, Bruno Fady, Giovanni Giuseppe Vendramin, Ian K. Dawson, Richard A. Fleming, Cuauhtémoc Sáenz-Romero, Roberto A. Lindig-Cisneros, Trevor Murdock, Barbara Vinceti, Carlos Manuel Navarro, Tore Skrøppa, Giulia Baldinelli, Yousry A. El-Kassaby, Judy Loo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The current distribution of forest genetic resources on Earth is the result of a combination of natural processes and human actions. Over time, tree populations have become adapted to their habitats including the local ecological disturbances they face. As the planet enters a phase of human-induced climate change of unprecedented speed and magnitude, however, previously locally-adapted populations are rendered less suitable for new conditions, and 'natural' biotic and abiotic disturbances are taken outside their historic distribution, frequency and intensity ranges. Tree populations rely on phenotypic plasticity to survive in extant locations, on genetic adaptation to modify their local phenotypic optimum or on migration to new suitable environmental conditions. The rate of required change, however, may outpace the ability to respond, and tree species and populations may become locally extinct after specific, but as yet unknown and unquantified, tipping points are reached. Here, we review the importance of forest genetic resources as a source of evolutionary potential for adaptation to changes in climate and other ecological factors. We particularly consider climate-related responses in the context of linkages to disturbances such as pests, diseases and fire, and associated feedback loops. The importance of management strategies to conserve evolutionary potential is emphasised and recommendations for policy-makers are provided.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76-87
Number of pages12
JournalForest Ecology and Management
Volume333
DOIs
Publication statusPrint publication - 1 Dec 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

forest genetics
biotic factor
genetic resource
forest resource
genetic resources
climate change
disturbance
environmental factors
phenotypic plasticity
climate
planet
environmental conditions
linkage (genetics)
pests
habitat
abiotic factor
biotic factors
habitats
distribution

Keywords

  • Adaptation
  • Climate change
  • Natural disturbances
  • Tree genetic variation

Cite this

Alfaro, René I. ; Fady, Bruno ; Vendramin, Giovanni Giuseppe ; Dawson, Ian K. ; Fleming, Richard A. ; Sáenz-Romero, Cuauhtémoc ; Lindig-Cisneros, Roberto A. ; Murdock, Trevor ; Vinceti, Barbara ; Navarro, Carlos Manuel ; Skrøppa, Tore ; Baldinelli, Giulia ; El-Kassaby, Yousry A. ; Loo, Judy. / The role of forest genetic resources in responding to biotic and abiotic factors in the context of anthropogenic climate change. In: Forest Ecology and Management. 2014 ; Vol. 333. pp. 76-87.
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abstract = "The current distribution of forest genetic resources on Earth is the result of a combination of natural processes and human actions. Over time, tree populations have become adapted to their habitats including the local ecological disturbances they face. As the planet enters a phase of human-induced climate change of unprecedented speed and magnitude, however, previously locally-adapted populations are rendered less suitable for new conditions, and 'natural' biotic and abiotic disturbances are taken outside their historic distribution, frequency and intensity ranges. Tree populations rely on phenotypic plasticity to survive in extant locations, on genetic adaptation to modify their local phenotypic optimum or on migration to new suitable environmental conditions. The rate of required change, however, may outpace the ability to respond, and tree species and populations may become locally extinct after specific, but as yet unknown and unquantified, tipping points are reached. Here, we review the importance of forest genetic resources as a source of evolutionary potential for adaptation to changes in climate and other ecological factors. We particularly consider climate-related responses in the context of linkages to disturbances such as pests, diseases and fire, and associated feedback loops. The importance of management strategies to conserve evolutionary potential is emphasised and recommendations for policy-makers are provided.",
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Alfaro, RI, Fady, B, Vendramin, GG, Dawson, IK, Fleming, RA, Sáenz-Romero, C, Lindig-Cisneros, RA, Murdock, T, Vinceti, B, Navarro, CM, Skrøppa, T, Baldinelli, G, El-Kassaby, YA & Loo, J 2014, 'The role of forest genetic resources in responding to biotic and abiotic factors in the context of anthropogenic climate change', Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 333, pp. 76-87. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2014.04.006

The role of forest genetic resources in responding to biotic and abiotic factors in the context of anthropogenic climate change. / Alfaro, René I.; Fady, Bruno; Vendramin, Giovanni Giuseppe; Dawson, Ian K.; Fleming, Richard A.; Sáenz-Romero, Cuauhtémoc; Lindig-Cisneros, Roberto A.; Murdock, Trevor; Vinceti, Barbara; Navarro, Carlos Manuel; Skrøppa, Tore; Baldinelli, Giulia; El-Kassaby, Yousry A.; Loo, Judy.

In: Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 333, 01.12.2014, p. 76-87.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Alfaro, René I.

AU - Fady, Bruno

AU - Vendramin, Giovanni Giuseppe

AU - Dawson, Ian K.

AU - Fleming, Richard A.

AU - Sáenz-Romero, Cuauhtémoc

AU - Lindig-Cisneros, Roberto A.

AU - Murdock, Trevor

AU - Vinceti, Barbara

AU - Navarro, Carlos Manuel

AU - Skrøppa, Tore

AU - Baldinelli, Giulia

AU - El-Kassaby, Yousry A.

AU - Loo, Judy

PY - 2014/12/1

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N2 - The current distribution of forest genetic resources on Earth is the result of a combination of natural processes and human actions. Over time, tree populations have become adapted to their habitats including the local ecological disturbances they face. As the planet enters a phase of human-induced climate change of unprecedented speed and magnitude, however, previously locally-adapted populations are rendered less suitable for new conditions, and 'natural' biotic and abiotic disturbances are taken outside their historic distribution, frequency and intensity ranges. Tree populations rely on phenotypic plasticity to survive in extant locations, on genetic adaptation to modify their local phenotypic optimum or on migration to new suitable environmental conditions. The rate of required change, however, may outpace the ability to respond, and tree species and populations may become locally extinct after specific, but as yet unknown and unquantified, tipping points are reached. Here, we review the importance of forest genetic resources as a source of evolutionary potential for adaptation to changes in climate and other ecological factors. We particularly consider climate-related responses in the context of linkages to disturbances such as pests, diseases and fire, and associated feedback loops. The importance of management strategies to conserve evolutionary potential is emphasised and recommendations for policy-makers are provided.

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KW - Adaptation

KW - Climate change

KW - Natural disturbances

KW - Tree genetic variation

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