The Short Attachment to Pets Scale (SAPS) for children and young people: development, psychometric qualities and demographic and health associations

F Marsa-Sambola, J Muldoon, J Williams, AB Lawrence, M Connor, C Currie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study describes the development of the SAPS and investigates its reliability and validity within the context of the Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children Survey (HBSC) which gathered data on representative samples of school pupils aged 11, 13 and 15 in Scotland and England. In the development of SAPS, following a comprehensive review of the literature, two small-scale empirical studies were carried out (one qualitative and one quantitative). Regarding the validation process, the reliability and validity of the SAPS was assessed in a sub-sample (n= 7159) of pupils who completed the HBSC survey and were identified as owning pets. Factor analysis resulted in a one-factor solution (explaining 67.78 % of the variance); Cronbach’s alpha for the scale was 0.894. The item-total correlation ranged from 0.368 to 0.784. A linear model showed that attachment to pets was associated with age (being 11 or 13 years old), being a girl, white ethnicity, and considering a pet as one’s own. SAPS scores were also positively associated with quality of life. The total variance in SAPS explained by these variables was 15.7 %. Effect sizes of associations were medium (age, considering a pet as one’s own) and small (ethnicity, age, gender, quality of life). The study concludes that SAPS is a coherent and psychometrically sound measure. It is associated with a range of demographic variables and quality of life, which confirms its utility as a new succinct measure of children’s and young people’s attachment to pets for use in health and social science research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111 - 131
Number of pages21
JournalChild Indicators Research
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusFirst published - 8 Feb 2015

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psychometrics
health behavior
quality of life
ethnicity
health
health science
linear model
school
factor analysis
pupil
social science
gender
literature

Bibliographical note

2074130

Keywords

  • Attachment
  • Children
  • HBSC
  • Health
  • Pets
  • Youngpeople

Cite this

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title = "The Short Attachment to Pets Scale (SAPS) for children and young people: development, psychometric qualities and demographic and health associations",
abstract = "This study describes the development of the SAPS and investigates its reliability and validity within the context of the Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children Survey (HBSC) which gathered data on representative samples of school pupils aged 11, 13 and 15 in Scotland and England. In the development of SAPS, following a comprehensive review of the literature, two small-scale empirical studies were carried out (one qualitative and one quantitative). Regarding the validation process, the reliability and validity of the SAPS was assessed in a sub-sample (n= 7159) of pupils who completed the HBSC survey and were identified as owning pets. Factor analysis resulted in a one-factor solution (explaining 67.78 {\%} of the variance); Cronbach’s alpha for the scale was 0.894. The item-total correlation ranged from 0.368 to 0.784. A linear model showed that attachment to pets was associated with age (being 11 or 13 years old), being a girl, white ethnicity, and considering a pet as one’s own. SAPS scores were also positively associated with quality of life. The total variance in SAPS explained by these variables was 15.7 {\%}. Effect sizes of associations were medium (age, considering a pet as one’s own) and small (ethnicity, age, gender, quality of life). The study concludes that SAPS is a coherent and psychometrically sound measure. It is associated with a range of demographic variables and quality of life, which confirms its utility as a new succinct measure of children’s and young people’s attachment to pets for use in health and social science research.",
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The Short Attachment to Pets Scale (SAPS) for children and young people: development, psychometric qualities and demographic and health associations. / Marsa-Sambola, F; Muldoon, J; Williams, J; Lawrence, AB; Connor, M; Currie, C.

In: Child Indicators Research, Vol. 9, No. 1, 08.02.2015, p. 111 - 131.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Muldoon, J

AU - Williams, J

AU - Lawrence, AB

AU - Connor, M

AU - Currie, C

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