Towards improving nitrogen use efficiency in rice production: The socioeconomic, climatic and technological determinants of briquette urea adoption

Asif Reza Anik, T Begho, Shaima Chowdhury Sharna, Vera Eory, Md. Mizanur Rahman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Deep placement of briquette urea (BU) is environmentally friendly and promoted for better nitrogen use efficiency. Nonetheless, its farm-level adoption is low. This paper contributes to the existing literature on climate-smart technology adoption by examining the factors that affect the BU adoption decision using the national representative Bangladesh Integrated Household Survey (BIHS-15) dataset consisting of 3384 rice farmers in Bangladesh. BU adoption probability is higher for farms that specialise in rice production, have more assets, use mobile phones for farming and have better access to extension services. Also, empowered women have a higher propensity to adopt BU. However, living in the Feed the Future (FtF) zone decreases adoption probability. BU adoption probability is inversely correlated with rainfall and salinity vulnerability, while the opposite is observed for cyclone and drought vulnerability. Compared to the prilled urea (PU) users, the BU adopters applied a significantly lower amount of urea. The adopters produce more and have a relatively higher return, though the differences are insignificant. The relatively high price of BU compared to PU and the associated high labour requirement dampers the benefit of adopting the technology. Reallocation of subsidies from PU towards BU could be an effective way of promoting BU technology.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalRenewable Agriculture and Food Systems
Early online date8 Feb 2022
Publication statusFirst published - 8 Feb 2022

Keywords

  • Briquette urea
  • nitrogen use efficiency
  • climate-smart technology adoption
  • climatic
  • socio-economic and technological determinants
  • Bangladesh

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