Use of agro-industrial by-products containing tannins for the integrated control of gastrointestinal nematodes in ruminants

Hervé Hoste*, Griselda Meza-OCampos, Sarah Marchand, Smaragda Sotiraki, Katerina Sarasti, Berit M Blomstrand, Andrew R Williams, Stig M Thamsborg, Spiridoula Athanasiadou, Heidi L Enemark, Juan Felipe Torres Acosta, Gabriella Mancilla-Montelongo, Carlos Sandoval Castro, Livio M Costa-Junior, Helder Louvandini, Dauana Mesquita Sousa, Juha-Pekka Salminen, Maarit Karonen, Marika Engstrom, Johannes CharlierVincent Niderkorn, Eric R Morgan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
31 Downloads (Pure)


Previous studies have illustrated that different bioactive legume fodders containing condensed tannins might represent one of the options for integrated sustainable control of gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) in ruminants, which may help address the worldwide development of resistance to synthetic anthelmintics. More recently, impetus has been given to assess the potential antiparasitic activity of less conventional resources, represented by different agro-industrial by-products (AIBPs). This review presents in vitro and in vivo results obtained with a range of tannin-containing AIBPs of various geographical and botanical origins, namely AIBP of nuts, temperate and tropical barks, carob, coffee and cocoa. They tend to confirm the "proof of concept" for their antiparasitic effects and also for other aspects of ruminant production in an agro-ecological context. Socio-economic aspects of the exploitation of such non-conventional resources are also discussed as potential models of the circular economy, by using waste. The different modes of use of these resources are presented in this review, as well as strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) analyses to illustrate the advantages and limitations of on-farm use.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10
Early online date28 Feb 2022
Publication statusFirst published - 28 Feb 2022

Bibliographical note

© H. Hoste et al., published by EDP Sciences, 2022.


  • Animals
  • Anthelmintics/therapeutic use
  • Nematoda
  • Proanthocyanidins/pharmacology
  • Ruminants/parasitology
  • Tannins/pharmacology
  • Plant secondary metabolites
  • Tannins
  • Circular economy
  • Gastrointestinal nematodes
  • Plant specialised metabolites
  • Anthelmintic resistance


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