Weed suppression and tolerance in winter oats

N Fradgley, H Creissen, H Pearce, S Howlett, B Pearce, T Döring, R Girling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

A crops ability to both suppress weed growth and tolerate weed competition is a key consideration when taking an agroecological approach to weed management. Amongst other cereals, oats are widely considered to have superior weed competitiveness yet studies examining competitive ability between oat varieties are rare. We investigated the ability of oats to suppress weeds and yield in the presence of competition from weeds in trials involving five husked and three naked oat varieties at an organic site in the east of England over four trial years (2009-13). We identified a number of key traits that were important for weed suppression including establishment rates, tillering ability, and early Leaf Area Index (LAI) which highlight the importance of rapid early growth rates. Furthermore, taller varieties tended to be more weed tolerant but not necessarily more suppressive. Trade-offs between competitive traits and yield were not found in this study. Crop tillering ability was highlighted as an important trait for selection due to its beneficial effects on weed suppression as well as grain yield and also its high heritability.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)740 - 751
Number of pages12
JournalWeed Technology
Volume31
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPrint publication - 6 Sep 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Agroecology
  • competitive traits
  • crop ecology
  • crop-weed competition
  • organic systems

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